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False memories, but not false beliefs, affect implicit attitudes for food preferences

Howe, David; Anderson, Rachel J.; Dewhurst, Stephen A.


David Howe


Previous studies have found that false memories and false beliefs of childhood experiences can have attitudinal consequences. Previous studies have, however, focused exclusively on explicit attitude measures without exploring whether implicit attitudes are similarly affected. Using a false feedback/imagination inflation paradigm, false memories and beliefs of enjoying a certain food as a child were elicited in participants, and their effects were assessed using both explicit attitude measures (self-report questionnaires) and implicit measures (a Single-Target Implicit Association Test). Positive changes in explicit attitudes were observed both in participants with false memories and participants with false beliefs. In contrast, only participants with false memories exhibited more positive implicit attitudes. The findings are discussed in terms of theories of explicit and implicit attitudes.


Howe, D., Anderson, R. J., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2017). False memories, but not false beliefs, affect implicit attitudes for food preferences. Acta Psychologica, 179, 14-22.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 4, 2017
Online Publication Date Jul 7, 2017
Publication Date 2017-09
Deposit Date Jul 4, 2017
Publicly Available Date Jan 8, 2019
Journal Acta psychologica
Print ISSN 0001-6918
Electronic ISSN 1873-6297
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 179
Pages 14-22
Keywords False memories; False beliefs; Explicit attitudes; Implicit attitudes; False-feedback
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is the accepted manuscript of an article published in Acta psychologica, 2017. The version of record is available at the DOI link in this record.


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