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Preserved monitoring and control processes in temporal lobe epilepsy.

Andrés, Pilar; Mazzoni, Giuliana; Howard, Charlotte E.

Authors

Pilar Andrés

Charlotte E. Howard

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess an aspect of metamemory never examined before in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE): the ability to upgrade the accuracy of one's memory predictions after study. Method: Four lists of different levels of difficulty and relatedness were presented to 15 TLE patients and 15 control participants, who were asked to predict their subsequent recall both before and after studying each list. Results: The results showed clear impairment in recall in TLE patients. However, both TLE patients and controls showed an improvement in accuracy in their poststudy predictions compared with their prestudy predictions, showing that both groups were able to upgrade their metamemory predictions. Unexpectedly, prediction accuracy was overall higher in TLE patients than in controls. Moreover, study time was allocated in both groups taking into account the characteristics of the list. Conclusion: These results confirm and extend findings of Howard et al. (2010) of intact metametnory in TLE patients, and provide further support to the dissociation between memory and metamemory in this clinical population.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 1, 2010
Journal Neuropsychology
Print ISSN 0894-4105
Electronic ISSN 1931-1559
Publisher American Psychological Association
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 24
Issue 6
Pages 775-786
Institution Citation Andrés, P., Mazzoni, G., & Howard, C. E. (2010). Preserved monitoring and control processes in temporal lobe epilepsy. Neuropsychology, 24(6), (775-786). doi:10.1037/a0020281. ISSN 0894-4105
DOI https://doi.org/10.1037/a0020281
Keywords Memory control; Metamemory; Temporal lobe epilepsy; Medial prefrontal cortex; Memory task-performance; Episodic memory; Time allocation; Self-efficacy metamemory lesions; Recall predictions complaints
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