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Shared cognitive processes underlying past and future thinking: The impact of imagery and concurrent task demands on event specificity.

Anderson, Rachel J.; Dewhurst, Stephen A.; Nash, Robert A.; Anderson, Rachel; Dewhurst, Stephen; Nash, Robert

Authors

Rachel J. Anderson

Stephen A. Dewhurst

Robert A. Nash

Dr Rachel Anderson Rachel.Anderson@hull.ac.uk
Reader/Programme Director Psychology PG Research (PhD, MSc by Research, MRes)

Robert Nash



Abstract

Recent literature has argued that whereas remembering the past and imagining the future make use of shared cognitive substrates, simulating future events places heavier demands on executive resources. These propositions were explored in 3 experiments comparing the impact of imagery and concurrent task demands on speed and accuracy of past event retrieval and future event simulation. Results provide support for the suggestion that both past and future episodes can be constructed through 2 mechanisms: a noneffortful "direct" pathway and a controlled, effortful "generative" pathway. However, limited evidence emerged for the suggestion that simulating of future, compared with retrieving past, episodes places heavier demands on executive resources; only under certain conditions did it emerge as a more error prone and lengthier process. The findings are discussed in terms of how retrieval and simulation make use of the same cognitive substrates in subtly different ways.

Citation

Anderson, R., Dewhurst, S., & Nash, R. (2012). Shared cognitive processes underlying past and future thinking: The impact of imagery and concurrent task demands on event specificity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 38(2), 356-365. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0025451

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Mar 1, 2012
Deposit Date Nov 13, 2014
Journal Journal Of Experimental Psychology-Learning Memory And Cognition
Print ISSN 0278-7393
Electronic ISSN 0278-7393
Publisher American Psychological Association
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 38
Issue 2
Pages 356-365
DOI https://doi.org/10.1037/a0025451
Keywords REF 2014 submission!
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/463931