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Expatriation outside the boundaries of the multinational corporation: a study with expatriate nurses in Saudi Arabia

Bozionelos, Nikos

Authors

Nikos Bozionelos



Abstract

To date, research has largely neglected individuals who become expatriates on their own initiative and outside the boundaries of multinational corporations. This study, which focused on 206 non-Saudi expatriate nurses employed in a Saudi Arabian hospital, investigated the relationship of job satisfaction and turnover intentions with four factors: cross-cultural training, protégé experience, peer support, and the cultural clusters of the home and host countries. The study also examined the role of gender in the relationship of work attitudes with protégé experience and peer support. Protégé experience had the most consistent relationship with job satisfaction and turnover intentions, while attendance of cross-cultural training before expatriation was not involved in any of the identified relationships. In most conditions, protégé experience and peer support were associated with higher job satisfaction for expatriates of Arab origin. Finally, gender did not play a moderating role in the relationship of work attitudes with mentoring or peer support. These results shed light on the factors that help determine the success of non-corporate-sponsored expatriates and have implications for practice and future research. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Citation

Bozionelos, N. (2009). Expatriation outside the boundaries of the multinational corporation: a study with expatriate nurses in Saudi Arabia. Human Resource Management, 48(1), 111-134. https://doi.org/10.1002/hrm.20269

Journal Article Type Article
Online Publication Date Jan 28, 2009
Publication Date 2009-01
Deposit Date Nov 13, 2014
Journal Human Resource Management
Print ISSN 0090-4848
Electronic ISSN 1099-050X
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 48
Issue 1
Pages 111-134
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/hrm.20269
Keywords Self-initiated expatriates; Mentoring; Gender diversity; Female‚Äźdominated; Attitudes; Careers; Absenteeism/withdrawal; Turnover; Satisfaction; Expatriate success; International HRM
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/469713
Publisher URL https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/hrm.20269