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It's all about perspective: an examination of spontaneous and implicit/explicit visual perspective-taking in Turner syndrome

Thompson, Thomas

Authors

Thomas Thompson



Contributors

Abstract

The ability to take another person’s perspective is a fundamental aspect of social cognition and an important contributor to social interaction. In this online research study, we explored potential differences in visual perspective-taking between adults with Turner Syndrome (TS) and neurotypical controls. TS participants were studied as they have been shown to struggle with visuo-spatial reasoning. Therefore, we were interested in whether this extended to problems with visual perspective-taking. In the first experiment, participants were presented with a series of questions measuring spontaneous responses to the actions of an actor in a visual scene. The proportion of Self and Other responses for each question were recorded. We found that TS participants provided significantly more Other responses than controls when the task instructions made explicit reference to the actions of the actor, but not when the perspective to adopt was ambiguous. In the second experiment, participants were presented with the image of a three-dimensional room and asked to verify the number of dots on the walls of the room, from either the perspective of an avatar or their own. We found no significant difference in the reaction times and accuracy of Turner Syndrome participants, compared to controls. Overall, these findings demonstrate that both spontaneous and non-spontaneous visual perspective-taking is not impaired in Turner Syndrome.

Citation

Thompson, T. (2024). It's all about perspective: an examination of spontaneous and implicit/explicit visual perspective-taking in Turner syndrome. (Thesis). University of Hull. https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/4706284

Thesis Type Thesis
Deposit Date Jun 10, 2024
Publicly Available Date Jun 12, 2024
Keywords Psychology
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/4706284
Additional Information Department of Psychology
University of Hull
Award Date Apr 9, 2024

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Copyright Statement
© 2022 Thomas A. Thompson. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permission of the copyright holder.




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