Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Warm-up strategies of professional soccer players: Practitioners' perspectives

Towlson, Christopher; Midgley, Adrian W.; Lovell, Ric


Adrian W. Midgley

Ric Lovell


Recent research has challenged the typical pre-match and half-time (HT) interval warm-up (WU) routines currently used by professional soccer players. This study surveyed 2010/11 season WU strategies and their underpinning scientific reasoning and situational factors via an internet-based questionnaire, which was distributed to English Premier League and Championship practitioners, of which 43% responded. The pre-match WU duration was 30.8 (8.2) min, ranging between 15-45 min, and 89% of practitioners administered a WU of ≥ 25 min. Respondents also reported a 12.4 (3.8) min period between the end of the WU and match kick-off. Eighty-nine per cent recognised the physiological benefits of re-WUs during this "down-time" period, with 63% instructing players to engage in such activity. During HT, 58% instructed players to re-WU either on the pitch or within stadia facilities, but "unwillingness of the coach/manager" (42%) and a "lack of time" (63%) were major constraints. Practitioners reported that 2.6 (1.6) min might be available for HT re-WUs. Factors such as match regulations, league policy, and stadia facilities were not generally considered as major barriers to the delivery of WU and re-WU strategies. We suggest that researchers consider the time-demands and barriers faced by practitioners when developing experimental designs to examine WU regimens. © 2013 Taylor & Francis.


Towlson, C., Midgley, A. W., & Lovell, R. (2013). Warm-up strategies of professional soccer players: Practitioners' perspectives. Journal of sports sciences, 31(13), 1393-1401.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 27, 2013
Online Publication Date Jun 4, 2018
Publication Date Jun 4, 2013
Deposit Date Oct 24, 2020
Journal Journal of Sports Sciences
Print ISSN 0264-0414
Electronic ISSN 1466-447X
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 31
Issue 13
Pages 1393-1401
Keywords Survey; Situational factors; Current practice; Theoretical reasoning
Public URL
Publisher URL