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A systematic review of high-intensity interval training as an exercise intervention for intermittent claudication (2019)
Journal Article
Pymer, S., Palmer, J., Harwood, A. E., Ingle, L., Smith, G. E., & Chetter, I. C. (2019). A systematic review of high-intensity interval training as an exercise intervention for intermittent claudication. Journal of vascular surgery, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2019.03.050

Background Intermittent claudication (IC) is the most common symptom of peripheral arterial disease, which significantly affects walking ability, functional capacity and quality of life. Supervised exercise programs (SEP) are recommended as first-lin... Read More

Insufficient exercise intensity for clinical benefit? Monitoring and quantification of a community-based Phase III cardiac rehabilitation programme: A United Kingdom perspective (2019)
Journal Article
Khushhal, A., Nichols, S., Carroll, S., Abt, G., & Ingle, L. (in press). Insufficient exercise intensity for clinical benefit? Monitoring and quantification of a community-based Phase III cardiac rehabilitation programme: A United Kingdom perspective. PloS one, 14(6), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217654

Abstract: Background: In recent years, criticism of the percentage range approach for individualised exercise prescription has intensified and we were concerned that sub-optimal exercise dose (especially intensity) may be in part responsible for the... Read More

Influence of appendicular skeletal muscle mass on resting metabolic equivalents in patients with cardiovascular disease: Implications for exercise training and prescription (2019)
Journal Article
Nichols, S., O'Doherty, A., Carroll, S., & Ingle, L. (in press). Influence of appendicular skeletal muscle mass on resting metabolic equivalents in patients with cardiovascular disease: Implications for exercise training and prescription. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, https://doi.org/10.1177/2047487319856432

Cardiorespiratory fitness as a predictor of short‐term and lifetime estimated cardiovascular disease risk (2019)
Journal Article
Swainson, M. G., Ingle, L., & Carroll, S. (in press). Cardiorespiratory fitness as a predictor of short‐term and lifetime estimated cardiovascular disease risk. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13468

Development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a public health concern for young-to-middle-aged adults, now exacerbated by the increasing prevalence of obesity and sedentary lifestyles. Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) improves the reclassificati... Read More

Does exercise prescription based on estimated heart rate training zones exceed the ventilatory anaerobic threshold in patients with coronary heart disease undergoing usual-care cardiovascular rehabilitation? : a United Kingdom perspective (2019)
Journal Article
Pymer, S., Nichols, S., Prosser, J., Birkett, S., Carroll, S., & Ingle, L. (in press). Does exercise prescription based on estimated heart rate training zones exceed the ventilatory anaerobic threshold in patients with coronary heart disease undergoing usual-care cardiovascular rehabilitation? : a United Kingdom perspective. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, https://doi.org/10.1177/2047487319852711

Background: In the United Kingdom (UK), exercise intensity is prescribed from a fixed percentage range (% heart rate reserve; %HRR) in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes. We aimed to determine the accuracy of this approach by comparing it with an... Read More

Effect of intensive neuromuscular electrical stimulation on chronic neck pain: A case report (2019)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Tavakol, Z., Shariat, A., Ghannadi, S., Noureddin, N., Ansari, P., …Haghighi, F. (in press). Effect of intensive neuromuscular electrical stimulation on chronic neck pain: A case report. Journal of Pain Management, 12(2),

Abstract: Chronic neck pain is a relatively common problem that can interfere with daily activities and is often experienced following musculoskeletal injuries. To identify the impact of intensive neuromuscular electrical stimulation (INES) for reduc... Read More

The effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training and circuit training on maximal oxygen uptake (2019)
Journal Article
Birkett, S. T., Nichols, S., Sawrey, R., Gleadall-Siddall, D., McGregor, G., & Ingle, L. (in press). The effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training and circuit training on maximal oxygen uptake. Sport Sciences for Health, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-019-00552-2

Purpose: High intensity interval training (HIIT) and circuit training (CT) are popular methods of exercise, eliciting improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). However direct comparisons of these two training methods are limited. We investigat... Read More

Multimodal impact of acupuncture, exercise therapy, and concurrent functional electrical stimulation on osteoarthritis of the knee: a case report (2019)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Hakakzadeh, A., Moradi, V., Honarpishe, R., Noormohammadpour, P., & Ansari, N. (in press). Multimodal impact of acupuncture, exercise therapy, and concurrent functional electrical stimulation on osteoarthritis of the knee: a case report. Acupuncture and Electro-Therapeutics Research,

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) causes functional limitation in weight-bearing activities including walking. To investigate the multimodal impact of acupuncture, exercise therapy, and concurrent functional electrical stimulation (FES) on knee osteoarthritis... Read More