The impact of modified exercise and relaxation therapy on chronic lower back pain in office workers: a randomized clinical trial
Shariat, Ardalan; Alizadeh, Reza; Moradi, Vahideh; Afsharnia, Elahe; Hakakzadeh, Azadeh; Nakhsotin Ansari, Noureddin; Ingle, Lee
Noureddin Nakhsotin Ansari
Professor Lee Ingle L.Ingle@hull.ac.uk
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a modified package of exercise therapy combined with relaxation on pain intensity, range of motion (ROM), anxiety, and quality of life (QoL) in office workers with chronic lower back pain.
Methods: In this clinical trial, office workers with chronic low back pain were randomized to one of four groups including; Group 1- Exercise therapy; Group 2- Psychotherapy (relaxation therapy); Group 3-Combined protocol (exercise followed by relaxation therapy); Group 4- control (no intervention). Exercise time was three sessions per week for 6 weeks with each session consisting of a 40-45 min bout of exercise/relaxation. Outcome measures included changes in pain intensity, ROM, anxiety, and QoL were studied at baseline, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks at the end of the intervention.
Results: In 72 staff (20-50 years old) a significant decrease in pain intensity and anxiety was evident in the three experimental groups compared to the control group. The three intervention groups indicated a significant decrease in pain intensity and anxiety after 6 and 12 weeks. ROM significantly improved in the exercise therapy group and the modified protocol group over time (after 6 and 12 weeks). A significant difference between groups was observed in quality of life with greater improvement in the psychotherapy and modified protocol groups.
Conclusion: This therapeutic package (including exercise and relaxation) showed a superior effect for all variables compared to other interventions with increased range of motion, quality of life, and reduction in pain and anxiety after 6 and 12 weeks. Thus, the combined protocol (exercise and relaxation) can be used as an efficient package for decreasing physical and psychological factors in people with chronic lower back pain.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Journal||Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Shariat, A., Alizadeh, R., Moradi, V., Afsharnia, E., Hakakzadeh, A., Nakhsotin Ansari, N., & Ingle, L. (2019). The impact of modified exercise and relaxation therapy on chronic lower back pain in office workers: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 15(5), 703-708. https://doi.org/10.12965/jer.1938490.245|
|Keywords||Exercise therapy; Psychological; Low back pain; Office workers|
Copyright © 2019 Korean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/)
which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any
medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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