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Insufficient exercise intensity for clinical benefit? Monitoring and quantification of a community-based Phase III cardiac rehabilitation programme: A United Kingdom perspective (2019)
Journal Article
Khushhal, A., Nichols, S., Carroll, S., Abt, G., & Ingle, L. (in press). Insufficient exercise intensity for clinical benefit? Monitoring and quantification of a community-based Phase III cardiac rehabilitation programme: A United Kingdom perspective. PloS one, 14(6), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217654

Abstract: Background: In recent years, criticism of the percentage range approach for individualised exercise prescription has intensified and we were concerned that sub-optimal exercise dose (especially intensity) may be in part responsible for the... Read More

Cardiorespiratory fitness as a predictor of short‐term and lifetime estimated cardiovascular disease risk (2019)
Journal Article
Swainson, M. G., Ingle, L., & Carroll, S. (in press). Cardiorespiratory fitness as a predictor of short‐term and lifetime estimated cardiovascular disease risk. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13468

Development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a public health concern for young-to-middle-aged adults, now exacerbated by the increasing prevalence of obesity and sedentary lifestyles. Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) improves the reclassificati... Read More

Does exercise prescription based on estimated heart rate training zones exceed the ventilatory anaerobic threshold in patients with coronary heart disease undergoing usual-care cardiovascular rehabilitation? : a United Kingdom perspective (2019)
Journal Article
Pymer, S., Nichols, S., Prosser, J., Birkett, S., Carroll, S., & Ingle, L. (in press). Does exercise prescription based on estimated heart rate training zones exceed the ventilatory anaerobic threshold in patients with coronary heart disease undergoing usual-care cardiovascular rehabilitation? : a United Kingdom perspective. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, https://doi.org/10.1177/2047487319852711

Background: In the United Kingdom (UK), exercise intensity is prescribed from a fixed percentage range (% heart rate reserve; %HRR) in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes. We aimed to determine the accuracy of this approach by comparing it with an... Read More

Effect of intensive neuromuscular electrical stimulation on chronic neck pain: A case report (2019)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Tavakol, Z., Shariat, A., Ghannadi, S., Noureddin, N., Ansari, P., …Haghighi, F. (in press). Effect of intensive neuromuscular electrical stimulation on chronic neck pain: A case report. Journal of Pain Management,

Abstract: Chronic neck pain is a relatively common problem that can interfere with daily activities and is often experienced following musculoskeletal injuries. To identify the impact of intensive neuromuscular electrical stimulation (INES) for reduc... Read More

The effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training and circuit training on maximal oxygen uptake (2019)
Journal Article
Birkett, S. T., Nichols, S., Sawrey, R., Gleadall-Siddall, D., McGregor, G., & Ingle, L. (in press). The effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training and circuit training on maximal oxygen uptake. Sport Sciences for Health, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-019-00552-2

Purpose: High intensity interval training (HIIT) and circuit training (CT) are popular methods of exercise, eliciting improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). However direct comparisons of these two training methods are limited. We investigat... Read More

Multimodal impact of acupuncture, exercise therapy, and concurrent functional electrical stimulation on osteoarthritis of the knee: a case report (2019)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Hakakzadeh, A., Moradi, V., Honarpishe, R., Noormohammadpour, P., & Ansari, N. (in press). Multimodal impact of acupuncture, exercise therapy, and concurrent functional electrical stimulation on osteoarthritis of the knee: a case report. Acupuncture and Electro-Therapeutics Research,

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) causes functional limitation in weight-bearing activities including walking. To investigate the multimodal impact of acupuncture, exercise therapy, and concurrent functional electrical stimulation (FES) on knee osteoarthritis... Read More

Home-based exercise programmes for individuals with intermittent claudication: A protocol for an updated systematic review and meta-analysis (2018)
Journal Article
Pymer, S., Tew, G. A., Palmer, J., Ingle, L., Smith, G. E., Chetter, I., & Harwood, A. E. (2018). Home-based exercise programmes for individuals with intermittent claudication: A protocol for an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. SAGE Open Medicine, 6, 205031211881829. doi:10.1177/2050312118818295

Background: The aim of this updated review is to consider the evidence base for the effectiveness of home-based exercise programmes (HEP) as a treatment option for improving walking distance in patients with IC. Methods: The Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL,... Read More

Low skeletal muscle mass is associated with low aerobic capacity and increased mortality risk in patients with coronary heart disease - a CARE CR study (2018)
Journal Article
Nichols, S., O'Doherty, A. F., Taylor, C., Clark, A. L., Carroll, S., & Ingle, L. (2019). Low skeletal muscle mass is associated with low aerobic capacity and increased mortality risk in patients with coronary heart disease - a CARE CR study. Clinical physiology and functional imaging, 39(1), 93-102. doi:10.1111/cpf.12539

BACKGROUND In patients with chronic heart failure, there is a positive linear relationship between skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and peak oxygen consumption (V˙O2peak ); an independent predictor of all-cause mortality. We investigated the association b... Read More

The BASES expert statement on exercise training for people with intermittent claudication due to peripheral arterial disease (2018)
Report
Tew, G., Harwood, A., Ingle, L., Chetter, I., & Doherty, P. (2018). The BASES expert statement on exercise training for people with intermittent claudication due to peripheral arterial disease. Leeds: British Association of Sports & Exercise Science

Lower-limb peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a type of cardiovascular disease in which the blood vessels (arteries) that carry blood to the legs and feet are hardened and narrowed or blocked by the build-up of fatty plaques (called atheroma). It a... Read More

Is cardiorespiratory fitness related to cardiometabolic health and all-cause mortality risk in patients with coronary heart disease? A CARE CR study (2018)
Journal Article
Nichols, S., Taylor, C., Page, R., Kallvikbacka-Bennett, A., Nation, F., Goodman, T., …Ingle, L. (2018). Is cardiorespiratory fitness related to cardiometabolic health and all-cause mortality risk in patients with coronary heart disease? A CARE CR study. Sports Medicine - Open, 4(1), doi:10.1186/s40798-018-0138-z. ISSN 2199-1170

Background: Higher cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is associated with lower morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). The mechanisms for this are not fully understood. A more favourable cardiometabolic risk factor profi... Read More

Preferred exercise modalities in patients with intermittent claudication (2018)
Journal Article
Harwood, A., Hitchman, L. H., Ingle, L., Doherty, P., & Chetter, I. C. (2018). Preferred exercise modalities in patients with intermittent claudication. Journal of Vascular Nursing, 36(2), 81-84. doi:10.1016/j.jvn.2017.12.002

Conventional supervised exercise programs (SEPs) for claudicants are traditionally based on time-constrained, group-based structured programs usually at a hospital site. Uptake of an SEP is poor, despite the high-level evidence demonstrating its clin... Read More

CARE CR-Cardiovascular and cardiorespiratory Adaptations to Routine Exercise-based Cardiac Rehabilitation: a study protocol for a community-based controlled study with criterion methods (2018)
Journal Article
Nichols, S., Nation, F., Goodman, T., Clark, A. L., Carroll, S., & Ingle, L. (2018). CARE CR-Cardiovascular and cardiorespiratory Adaptations to Routine Exercise-based Cardiac Rehabilitation: a study protocol for a community-based controlled study with criterion methods. BMJ open, 8(1), (e019216). doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019216. ISSN 2044-6055

Introduction Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) reduces all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Much of this improvement has been attributed to the beneficial effects of structured exercise training. However, UK... Read More

The effects of acute interval exercise and strawberry intake on postprandial lipemia (2017)
Journal Article
O’Doherty, A., Jones, H. S., Sathyapalan, T., Ingle, L., & Carroll, S. (2017). The effects of acute interval exercise and strawberry intake on postprandial lipemia. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 49(11), (2315-2323). doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000001341. ISSN 0195-9131

Purpose: Raised postprandial triglycerides (TAG) and related oxidative stresses are strongly associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Acute exercise and strawberry ingestion independently ameliorate postprandial lipid excursions a... Read More

Estimated peak functional capacity: an accurate method for assessing change in peak oxygen consumption after cardiac rehabilitation? (2017)
Journal Article
Nichols, S., Gleadall-Siddall, D. O., Antony, R., Clark, A. L., Cleland, J. G. F., Carroll, S., & Ingle, L. (2018). Estimated peak functional capacity: an accurate method for assessing change in peak oxygen consumption after cardiac rehabilitation?. Clinical physiology and functional imaging, 38(4), (681-688). doi:10.1111/cpf.12468. ISSN 1475-0961

Summary Objective Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is the ‘gold standard’ method of determining VO2peak. When CPET is unavailable, VO2peak may be estimated from treadmill or cycle ergometer workloads and expressed as estimated metabolic equiva... Read More

A randomized controlled trial to establish the impact of aquatic exercise training on functional capacity, balance, and perceptions of fatigue in female patients with multiple sclerosis (2017)
Journal Article
Kargarfard, M., Shariat, A., Ingle, L., Cleland, J. A., & Kargarfard, M. (2018). A randomized controlled trial to establish the impact of aquatic exercise training on functional capacity, balance, and perceptions of fatigue in female patients with multiple sclerosis. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 99(2), (234-241). doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2017.06.015. ISSN 0003-9993

Objective: To assess the effects of 8-weeks aquatic exercise training on functional capacity, balance, and perceptions of fatigue in women with multiple sclerosis (MS). Design: A randomized controlled design. Setting: Referral center of a multiple sc... Read More

Exercise dose and all-cause mortality within extended cardiac rehabilitation: a cohort study (2017)
Journal Article
Taylor, C., Tsakirides, C., Moxon, J., Moxon, J. W., Carroll, S., Ingle, L., …Witte, K. (2017). Exercise dose and all-cause mortality within extended cardiac rehabilitation: a cohort study. Open heart, 4(2), e000623. doi:10.1136/openhrt-2017-000623

Aims: To investigate the relationship between exercise participation, exercise ‘dose’ expressed as metabolic equivalent (MET) hours (h) per week, and prognosis in individuals attending an extended, community-based exercise rehabilitation programme. M... Read More

Validity and reliability of the Apple Watch for measuring heart rate during exercise (2017)
Journal Article
Khushhal, A., Nichols, S., Evans, W., Gleadall-Siddall, D., Page, R., O'Doherty, A. F., …Abt, G. (2017). Validity and reliability of the Apple Watch for measuring heart rate during exercise. SMIO / Sports Medicine International Open, 1(6), (E206-E211). doi:10.1055/s-0043-120195. ISSN 2367-1890

We examined the validity and reliability of the Apple Watch heart rate sensor during and in recovery from exercise. Twenty-one males completed treadmill exercise while wearing two Apple Watches (left and right wrists) and a Polar S810i monitor (crite... Read More

Validity of telemetric-derived measures of heart rate variability: a systematic review (2016)
Journal Article
Board, E., Ispoglou, T., & Ingle, L. (2016). Validity of telemetric-derived measures of heart rate variability: a systematic review. Journal of exercise physiology online / American Society of Exercise Physiologists, 19(6), 64-84

Heart rate variability (HRV) is a widely accepted indirect measure of autonomic function with widespread application across many settings. Although traditionally measured from the ‘gold standard’ criterion electrocardiography (ECG), the development o... Read More