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Handheld portable FTIR spectroscopy for the triage of micro and meso sized plastics in the marine environment incorporating an accelerated weathering study and an aging estimation (2019)
Journal Article
McCumskay, R., Tang, P. L., Mckumskay, R., Rogerson, M., Waller, C., & Forster, R. (2019). Handheld portable FTIR spectroscopy for the triage of micro and meso sized plastics in the marine environment incorporating an accelerated weathering study and an aging estimation. Spectroscopy, 34(2), 54-60

Debris in the marine environment can be either natural, such as floating vegetation or volcanic ash deposits, or man-made. The man-made human sources cover the whole gamut of material types, from sewage, glass, mineral, fabric and, of increasing conc... Read More

The effects of temporary exclusion of activity due to wind farm construction on a lobster (Homarus gammarus) fishery suggests a potential management approach (2018)
Journal Article
Roach, M., Cohen, M., Forster, R., Revill, A. S., & Johnson, M. (2018). The effects of temporary exclusion of activity due to wind farm construction on a lobster (Homarus gammarus) fishery suggests a potential management approach. ICES journal of marine science : journal du conseil, 75(4), 1416-1426. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsy006

Offshore wind farms form an important part of many countries strategy for responding to the threat of climate change but their development can conflict with other offshore activities. Static gear fisheries targeting sedentary benthic species are par... Read More

A decline in primary production in the North Sea over 25 years, associated with reductions in zooplankton abundance and fish stock recruitment (2017)
Journal Article
Capuzzo, E., Lynam, C. P., Barry, J., Stephens, D., Forster, R. M., Greenwood, N., …Engelhard, G. H. (2018). A decline in primary production in the North Sea over 25 years, associated with reductions in zooplankton abundance and fish stock recruitment. Global change biology, 24(1), e352-e364. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13916

Phytoplankton primary production is at the base of the marine food web; changes in primary production have direct or indirect effects on higher trophic levels, from zooplankton organisms to marine mammals and seabirds. Here, we present a new time-ser... Read More

Observing and modelling phytoplankton community structure in the North Sea (2017)
Journal Article
Ford, D. A., van der Molen, J., Hyder, K., Bacon, J., Barciela, R., Creach, V., …Forster, R. (2017). Observing and modelling phytoplankton community structure in the North Sea. Biogeosciences, 14(6), 1419-1444. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-1419-2017

© Author(s) 2017. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Phytoplankton form the base of the marine food chain, and knowledge of phytoplankton community structure is fundamental when assessing marine biodiversity. Policy makers and other users require informati... Read More

Implementing and innovating marine monitoring approaches for assessing marine environmental status (2016)
Journal Article
Danovaro, R., Carugati, L., Berzano, M., Cahill, A. E., Carvalho, S., Chenuil, A., …Borja, A. (2016). Implementing and innovating marine monitoring approaches for assessing marine environmental status. Frontiers in Marine Science, 3(NOV), https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2016.00213

© 2016 Danovaro, Carugati, Berzano, Cahill, Carvalho, Chenuil, Corinaldesi, Cristina, David, Dell'Anno, Dzhembekova, Garcés, Gasol, Goela, Féral, Ferrera, Forster, Kurekin, Rastelli, Marinova, Miller, Moncheva, Newton, Pearman, Pitois, Reñé, Rodrígue... Read More

Nuclear power and coastal birds: Predicting the ecological consequences of warm-water outflows (2016)
Journal Article
Forster, R. M., Bremner, J., Garcia, C., Silva, T., & Stillman, R. A. (2016). Nuclear power and coastal birds: Predicting the ecological consequences of warm-water outflows. Ecological Modelling, 342, 60-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2016.09.017

Local alteration of species abundance in natural communities due to anthropogenic impacts may have secondary, cascading effects on species at higher trophic levels. Such effects are typically hard to single out due to their ubiquitous nature and, the... Read More

Uses of innovative modeling tools within the implementation of the marine strategy framework directive (2016)
Journal Article
Lynam, C. P., Uusitalo, L., Patrício, J., Piroddi, C., Queirós, A. M., Teixeira, H., …Neville, S. (2016). Uses of innovative modeling tools within the implementation of the marine strategy framework directive. Frontiers in Marine Science, 3(SEP), https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2016.00182

© 2016 Lynam, Uusitalo, Patrício, Piroddi, Queirós, Teixeira, Rossberg, Sagarminaga, Hyder, Niquil, Möllmann, Wilson, Chust, Galparsoro, Forster, Veríssimo, Tedesco, Revilla and Neville. In Europe and around the world, the approach to management of t... Read More

Processing and exploitation of multisensor optical data for coastal water applications-The HIGHROC project (2016)
Journal Article
Ruddick, K., Brockmann, C., Créach, V., De Keukelaere, L., Doxaran, D., Forster, R., …Vanhellemont, Q. (2016). Processing and exploitation of multisensor optical data for coastal water applications-The HIGHROC project. ESA SP, SP-740,

The FP7/HIGHROC ("HIGH spatial and temporal Resolution Ocean Colour") Project is developing the next generation of optical products for coastal water services. These products are based on both mainstream ocean colour sensors (Sentinel-3/OLCI, VIIRS)... Read More

Toward autonomous measurements of photosynthetic electron transport rates: an evaluation of active fluorescence-based measurements of photochemistry (2015)
Journal Article
Silsbe, G. M., Oxborough, K., Suggett, D. J., Forster, R. M., Ihnken, S., Komárek, O., …Kromkamp, J. C. (2015). Toward autonomous measurements of photosynthetic electron transport rates: an evaluation of active fluorescence-based measurements of photochemistry. Limnology and oceanography, methods ASLO, 13(3), 138-155. https://doi.org/10.1002/lom3.10014

This study presents a methods evaluation and intercalibration of active fluorescence-based measurements of the quantum yield (ϕʹ 0 PSII) and absorption coefficient (aPSII) of photosystem II (PSII) photochemistry. Measurements of ϕʹ PSII , aPSII, and... Read More

Decrease in water clarity of the southern and central North Sea during the 20th century (2015)
Journal Article
Forster, R. M., Barry, J., Capuzzo, E., Silva, T., & Stephens, D. (2015). Decrease in water clarity of the southern and central North Sea during the 20th century. Global change biology, 21(6), 2206-2214. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12854

Light in the marine environment is a key environmental variable coupling physics to marine biogeochemistry and ecology. Weak light penetration reduces light available for photosynthesis, changing energy fluxes through the marine food web. Based on pu... Read More

Framework for understanding marine ecosystem health (2013)
Journal Article
Tett, P., Gowen, R. J., Painting, S. J., Elliott, M., Forster, R., Mills, D. K., …Wilkinson, M. (2013). Framework for understanding marine ecosystem health. Marine ecology progress series, 494, 1-27. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps10539

ABSTRACT: Although the terms 'health' and 'healthy' are often applied to marine ecosystems and communicate information about holistic condition (e.g. as required by the Ecosystem Approach), their meaning is unclear. Ecosystems have been understood in... Read More