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Automatic allocation of safety requirements to components of a software product line (2015)
Journal Article
De Oliveira, A. L., Papadopoulos, Y., Azevedo, L. S., Parker, D., Braga, R. T., Masiero, P. C., …Kelly, T. (2015). Automatic allocation of safety requirements to components of a software product line. IFAC postprint volumes IPPV / International Federation of Automatic Control, 48(21), 1309-1314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifacol.2015.09.706

Safety critical systems developed as part of a product line must still comply with safety standards. Standards use the concept of Safety Integrity Levels (SILs) to drive the assignment of system safety requirements to components of a system under des... Read More

Automating allocation of development assurance levels: An extension to HiP-HOPS (2015)
Journal Article
Sorokos, I., Papadopoulos, Y., Azevedo, L., Parker, D., & Walker, M. (2015). Automating allocation of development assurance levels: An extension to HiP-HOPS. IFAC postprint volumes IPPV / International Federation of Automatic Control, 48(7), 9-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifacol.2015.06.466

Controlling the allocation of safety requirements across a system's architecture from the early stages of development is an aspiration embodied in numerous major safety standards. Manual approaches of applying this process in practice are ineffective... Read More

A synthesis of logic and biology in the design of dependable systems (2015)
Journal Article
Papadopoulos, Y. (2015). A synthesis of logic and biology in the design of dependable systems. IFAC postprint volumes IPPV / International Federation of Automatic Control, 28(7), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifacol.2015.06.465

The technologies of model-based design and dependability analysis in the design of dependable systems, including software intensive systems, have advanced in recent years. Much of this development can be attributed to the application of advances in f... Read More

Supporting the automated generation of modular product line safety cases (2015)
Book Chapter
de Oliveira, A. L., Braga, R. T., Masiero, P. C., Papadopoulos, Y., Habli, I., & Kelly, T. (2015). Supporting the automated generation of modular product line safety cases. In W. Zamojski, J. Mazurkiewicz, J. Sugier, T. Walkowiak, & J. Kacprzyk (Eds.), Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; Theory and Engineering of Complex Systems and Dependability, 319-330. Springer Verlag. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-19216-1_30

Abstract The effective reuse of design assets in safety-critical Software Product Lines (SPL) would require the reuse of safety analyses of those assets in the variant contexts of certification of products derived from the SPL. This in turn requires... Read More

Model-based dependability analysis : state-of-the-art, challenges and future outlook (2015)
Book Chapter
Kabir, S., Papadopoulos, Y., Sharvia, S., & Walker, M. (2015). Model-based dependability analysis : state-of-the-art, challenges and future outlook. In I. Mistrik, N. Ali, B. Tekinerdogan, R. Soley, & J. Grundy (Eds.), Software Quality Assurance: In Large Scale and Complex Software-intensive Systems, 251-278. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-802301-3.00012-0

Abstract: Over the past two decades, the study of model-based dependability analysis has gathered significant research interest. Different approaches have been developed to automate and address various limitations of classical dependability technique... Read More

Reliability analysis of dynamic systems by translating temporal fault trees into Bayesian networks (2014)
Book Chapter
Kabir, S., Walker, M., & Papadopoulos, Y. (2014). Reliability analysis of dynamic systems by translating temporal fault trees into Bayesian networks. In Model-Based Safety and Assessment; Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 96-109. Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-12214-4_8

Classical combinatorial fault trees can be used to assess combinations of failures but are unable to capture sequences of faults, which are important in complex dynamic systems. A number of proposed techniques extend fault tree analysis for dynamic s... Read More

Integrating model checking with HiP-HOPS in model-based safety analysis (2014)
Journal Article
Sharvia, S., & Papadopoulos, Y. (2015). Integrating model checking with HiP-HOPS in model-based safety analysis. Reliability Engineering and System Safety, 135(March), 64-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ress.2014.10.025

The ability to perform an effective and robust safety analysis on the design of modern safety–critical systems is crucial. Model-based safety analysis (MBSA) has been introduced in recent years to support the assessment of complex system design by fo... Read More

An approach to safety analysis of clinical workflows (2014)
Journal Article
Al-Qora'n, L., Gordon, N., Sharvia, S., Walker, M., & Papadopoulos, Y. (2014). An approach to safety analysis of clinical workflows. Athens Journal of Health, 1(3), 201-216. https://doi.org/10.30958/ajh.1-3-4

A clinical workflow considers the information and processes that are involved in providing a clinical service. They are safety critical since even minor faults have the potential to propagate and consequently cause harm to a patient, or even for a pa... Read More

Enhancing the EAST-ADL error model with HiP-HOPS semantics (2014)
Journal Article
Sharvia, S., Papadopoulos, Y., Chen, D., Walker, M., Yuan, W., & Lönn, H. (2014). Enhancing the EAST-ADL error model with HiP-HOPS semantics. Athens journal of technology & engineering, 1(2), 119-136

EAST-ADL is a domain-specific modelling language for the engineering of automotive embedded systems. The language has abstractions that enable engineers to capture a variety of information about design in the course of the lifecycle — from requiremen... Read More

Exploring the impact of different cost heuristics in the allocation of safety integrity levels (2014)
Journal Article
Azevedo, L. S., Parker, D., Papadopoulos, Y., Walker, M., Sorokos, I., & Araújo, R. E. (2014). Exploring the impact of different cost heuristics in the allocation of safety integrity levels. Lecture notes in computer science, 8822, 70-81. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-12214-4_6

Contemporary safety standards prescribe processes in which system safety requirements, captured early and expressed in the form of Safety Integrity Levels (SILs), are iteratively allocated to architectural elements. Different SILs reflect different r... Read More

Automatic optimisation of system architectures using EAST-ADL (2013)
Journal Article
Walker, M., Reiser, M., Tucci-Piergiovanni, S., Papadopoulos, Y., Lönn, H., Mraidha, C., …Servat, D. (2013). Automatic optimisation of system architectures using EAST-ADL. Journal of Systems and Software, 86(10), 2467-2487. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2013.04.001

There are many challenges which face designers of complex system architectures, particularly safety-critical or real-time systems. The introduction of Architecture Description Languages (ADLs) has helped to meet these challenges by consolidating info... Read More

Assisted assignment of automotive safety requirements (2013)
Journal Article
Azevedo, L. D. S., Parker, D., Walker, M., Papadopoulos, Y., & Araújo, R. E. (2014). Assisted assignment of automotive safety requirements. IEEE Software, 31(1), 62-68. https://doi.org/10.1109/ms.2013.118

ISO 26262, a functional-safety standard, uses Automotive Safety Integrity Levels (ASILs) to assign safety requirements to automotive-system elements. System designers initially assign ASILs to system-level hazards and then allocate them to elements o... Read More

Safety Analysis of a Remote Patient Monitoring System with a Guideline Based Decision Support (2013)
Book Chapter
Al-Qora'n, L., Sharvia, S., Papadopoulos, Y., & Gordon, N. (2013). Safety Analysis of a Remote Patient Monitoring System with a Guideline Based Decision Support. Global Telemedicine and eHealth Updates: Knowledge Resources, 527 - 531. International Society for Telemedicine & eHealth

Home Telehealth systems are used to help in the management of chronic conditions by patients themselves. Effective safety analysis tools are needed to ensure reliability and safety of these high risk systems. We hereby explain how Hierarchically-Perf... Read More

Compositional synthesis of temporal fault trees from state machines (2012)
Journal Article
Papadopoulos, Y., Walker, M., & Mahmud, N. (2012). Compositional synthesis of temporal fault trees from state machines. Performance Evaluation Review, 39(4), 79-88. doi:10.1145/2185395.2185444

Dependability analysis of a dynamic system which is embedded with several complex interrelated components raises two main problems. First, it is difficult to represent in a single coherent and complete picture how the system and its constituent parts... Read More

Integrated safety and architecture modeling for automotive embedded systems (2011)
Journal Article
Chen, D., Johansson, R., Lönn, H., Blom, H., Walker, M., Papadopoulos, Y., …Sandberg, A. (2011). Integrated safety and architecture modeling for automotive embedded systems. Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik : E & I, 128(6), (196-202). doi:10.1007/s00502-011-0007-7. ISSN 0932-383X

EAST-ADL is an architecture description language (ADL) for model-based development of automotive embedded systems. The formalization of domain-specific engineering information and methodology brings a potential for a wide range of benefits for inform... Read More

An approach to optimization of fault tolerant architectures using HiP-HOPS (2011)
Journal Article
Adachi, M., Papadopoulos, Y., Sharvia, S., Parker, D., & Tohdo, T. (2011). An approach to optimization of fault tolerant architectures using HiP-HOPS. Software: Practice and Experience, 41(11), 1303-1327. https://doi.org/10.1002/spe.1044

New processes for the design of dependable systems must address both cost and dependability concerns. They should also maximize the potential for automation to address the problem of increasing technological complexity and the potentially immense des... Read More

A hierarchical method for the reduction of temporal expressions in Pandora (2010)
Conference Proceeding
Papadopoulos, Y., & Walker, M. (2010). A hierarchical method for the reduction of temporal expressions in Pandora. doi:10.1145/1772630.1772634

Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) is a popular safety analysis technique used to determine the logical combination of events needed to cause a particular system failure. However, FTA is purely combinatorial and cannot analyse the effects of sequences of even... Read More

Automatic allocation of safety integrity levels (2010)
Conference Proceeding
Papadopoulos, Y., Walker, M., Reiser, M., Weber, M., Chen, D., Törngren, M., …Sandberg, A. (2010). Automatic allocation of safety integrity levels. doi:10.1145/1772643.1772646

In this paper, we describe a concept for the automatic allocationof general Safety Integrity Levels (SILs) to subsystems andcomponents of complex hierarchical networked architectures thatdeliver sets of safety critical functions. The concept is gener... Read More

Capture and reuse of composable failure patterns (2010)
Journal Article
Wolforth, I., Walker, M., Papadopoulos, Y., & Grunske, L. (2010). Capture and reuse of composable failure patterns. International Journal of Critical Computer-Based Systems, 1(1/2/3), 128-147. doi:10.1504/IJCCBS.2010.031710

Emerging safety analysis techniques use composition of failure models or fault simulation in formal models of a system to determine relationships between the causes and effects of failure. Most recent work has focused on developing system modelling a... Read More

Dynamic effect of perfect preventive maintenance on system reliability and cost using HiP-HOPS (2010)
Journal Article
Nggada, S. H., Parker, D. J., & Papadopoulos, Y. I. (2010). Dynamic effect of perfect preventive maintenance on system reliability and cost using HiP-HOPS. IFAC postprint volumes IPPV / International Federation of Automatic Control, 43(17), 204-209. doi:10.3182/20100908-3-pt-3007.00039

The occurrence of failure in a safety critical engineering system can be reduced through the use of preventive maintenance (PM). Each time a component of the system is maintained its effective age is reduced; the extent of this age reduction depends... Read More