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Dr Stuart McLelland

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Stuart McLelland

Deputy Director of the Energy and Environment Institute


Three-dimensional modelling of suspended sediment transport in the far wake of tidal stream turbines (2019)
Journal Article
Simmons, S. M., Thorne, P. D., Amoudry, L. O., Li, X., Li, M., Amoudry, L., …McLelland, S. J. (2019). Three-dimensional modelling of suspended sediment transport in the far wake of tidal stream turbines. Renewable energy, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2019.11.096

A three-dimensional tidal turbine simulation based on an oceanographic numerical model has been tested for suspended sediment calculation, particularly in the wake of a standalone tidal turbine. The results suggest a need for further improvement of t... Read More about Three-dimensional modelling of suspended sediment transport in the far wake of tidal stream turbines.

Near wake of emergent vegetation patches in shallow flow (2018)
Journal Article
Wunder, S., Trevisson, M., Heckele, C., Chagot, L., Murphy, B., McLelland, S., …Eiff, O. (2018). Near wake of emergent vegetation patches in shallow flow. E3S Web of Conferences, 40, https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20184002057

Vegetation patches are particularly difficult to quantify in terms of flow resistance due to their complex geometry and topological behaviour under hydrodynamic loading. They not only influence the water level and mean velocities due to the drag they... Read More about Near wake of emergent vegetation patches in shallow flow.

Wave ripple development on mixed clay-sand substrates: Effects of clay winnowing and armoring (2018)
Journal Article
Wu, X., Baas, J. H., Parsons, D. R., Eggenhuisen, J., Amoudry, L., Cartigny, M., …Ruessink, G. (2018). Wave ripple development on mixed clay-sand substrates: Effects of clay winnowing and armoring. Journal of geophysical research. JGR. Earth surface, 123(11), 2784-2801. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JF004681

Based on bed form experiments in a large‐scale flume, we demonstrate that the rate of development of wave ripples on a mixed sand‐clay bed under regular waves is significantly lower than on a pure‐sand bed, even at clay fractions as low as 4.2%, and... Read More about Wave ripple development on mixed clay-sand substrates: Effects of clay winnowing and armoring.

The adaptation of dunes to changes in river flow (2018)
Journal Article
Reesink, A. J. H., Parsons, D. R., Ashworth, P. J., Best, J. L., Hardy, R. J., Murphy, B. J., …Unsworth, C. (2018). The adaptation of dunes to changes in river flow. Earth-Science Reviews, 185, 1065-1087. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2018.09.002

The dunes that cover the beds of most alluvial channels change in size and shape over time and in space, which in turn affects the flow and sediment-transport dynamics of the river. However, both the precise mechanisms of such adaptation of dunes, an... Read More about The adaptation of dunes to changes in river flow.

Modelling impacts of tidal stream turbines on surface waves (2018)
Journal Article
Li, X., Li, M., Jordan, L. B., McLelland, S., Parsons, D. R., Amoudry, L. O., …Comerford, L. (2019). Modelling impacts of tidal stream turbines on surface waves. Renewable energy, 130, 725-734. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2018.05.098

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd A high resolution Computational Flow Dynamics (CFD) numerical model is built based on a laboratory experiment in this research to study impacts of tidal turbines on surface wave dynamics. A reduction of ∼3% in wave height is obser... Read More about Modelling impacts of tidal stream turbines on surface waves.

Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics (2018)
Journal Article
Ramírez-Mendoza, R., Amoudry, L., Thorne, P., Cooke, R., McLelland, S., Jordan, L., …Murdoch, L. (2018). Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics. Renewable energy, 129(Part A), 271-284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2018.05.094

© 2018 The Authors The need for hydrokinetic turbine wake characterisation and their environmental impact has led to a number of studies. However, a small number of them have taken into account mobile sediment bed effects. The aim of the present work... Read More about Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics.

Beyond equilibrium: Re-evaluating physical modelling of fluvial systems to represent climate changes (2018)
Journal Article
Baynes, E. R., van de Lageweg, W. I., McLelland, S. J., Parsons, D. R., Aberle, J., Dijkstra, J., …Moulin, F. (2018). Beyond equilibrium: Re-evaluating physical modelling of fluvial systems to represent climate changes. Earth-Science Reviews, 181, 82-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2018.04.007

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. The interactions between water, sediment and biology in fluvial systems are complex and driven by multiple forcing mechanisms across a range of spatial and temporal scales. In a changing climate, some meteorological drivers are e... Read More about Beyond equilibrium: Re-evaluating physical modelling of fluvial systems to represent climate changes.

Quantifying biostabilisation effects of biofilm-secreted and extracted extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) on sandy substrate (2018)
Journal Article
Van De Lageweg, W. I., McLelland, S. J., & Parsons, D. R. (2018). Quantifying biostabilisation effects of biofilm-secreted and extracted extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) on sandy substrate. Earth surface dynamics ESURF ; an interactive open access journal of the European Geosciences Union, 6(1), 203-215. https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-6-203-2018

© Author(s) 2018. Microbial assemblages ( < q > biofilms < /q > ) preferentially develop at water-sediment interfaces and are known to have a considerable influence on sediment stability and erodibility. There is potential for significant impacts on... Read More about Quantifying biostabilisation effects of biofilm-secreted and extracted extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) on sandy substrate.

Near-Bed Turbulent Kinetic Energy Budget Under a Large-Scale Plunging Breaking Wave Over a Fixed Bar (2018)
Journal Article
van der Zanden, J., van der A, D. A., Cáceres, I., Hurther, D., McLelland, S. J., Ribberink, J. S., & O'Donoghue, T. (2018). Near-Bed Turbulent Kinetic Energy Budget Under a Large-Scale Plunging Breaking Wave Over a Fixed Bar. Journal of geophysical research. C, Oceans, 123(2), 1429-1456. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017jc013411

Hydrodynamics under regular plunging breaking waves over a fixed breaker bar were studied in a large-scale wave flume. A previous paper reported on the outer flow hydrodynamics; the present paper focuses on the turbulence dynamics near the bed (up to... Read More about Near-Bed Turbulent Kinetic Energy Budget Under a Large-Scale Plunging Breaking Wave Over a Fixed Bar.

Bias in mean velocities and noise in variances and covariances measured using a multistatic acoustic profiler: the Nortek Vectrino Profiler (2017)
Journal Article
Creelle, S., Thomas, R. E., Schindfessel, L., McLelland, S. J., Creëlle, S., & De Mulder, T. (2017). Bias in mean velocities and noise in variances and covariances measured using a multistatic acoustic profiler: the Nortek Vectrino Profiler. Measurement Science and Technology, 28(7), 075302. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6501/aa7273

This paper compiles the technical characteristics and operating principles of the Nortek Vectrino Profiler and reviews previously reported user experiences. A series of experiments are then presented that investigate instrument behaviour and performa... Read More about Bias in mean velocities and noise in variances and covariances measured using a multistatic acoustic profiler: the Nortek Vectrino Profiler.