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Professor Iain Brennan


Violence, worry and trust in the emergence of weapon-carrying (2021)
Journal Article
Brennan, I. R. (2021). Violence, worry and trust in the emergence of weapon-carrying. European Journal of Criminology, https://doi.org/10.1177/14773708211046193

This paper identifies longitudinal predictors of weapon-carrying in a sample of 10–25 year olds in England and Wales. It conceptualises weapon-carrying as anticipation of an adverse event and proposes hypotheses about the origins of weapon-carrying d... Read More about Violence, worry and trust in the emergence of weapon-carrying.

Coercive control: Patterns in crimes, arrests and outcomes for a new domestic abuse offence (2021)
Journal Article
Brennan, I., & Myhill, A. (in press). Coercive control: Patterns in crimes, arrests and outcomes for a new domestic abuse offence. The British journal of criminology, https://doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azab072

Critics of the criminalisation of coercive control warned that the criminal justice system was ill-prepared for a conceptualisation of domestic abuse that relies on victim accounts of fear and manipulation rather than on evidence of violence. Using d... Read More about Coercive control: Patterns in crimes, arrests and outcomes for a new domestic abuse offence.

Policing a new domestic abuse crime: effects of force-wide training on arrests for coercive control (2021)
Journal Article
Brennan, I., Myhill, A., Tagliaferri, G., & Tapley, J. (in press). Policing a new domestic abuse crime: effects of force-wide training on arrests for coercive control. Policing and Society, 31(10), 1153-1167. https://doi.org/10.1080/10439463.2020.1862838

Following a pre-registered study design, we estimated the effect of police force-wide domestic abuse training on arrests for the new crime of ‘controlling or coercive behaviour’. Using data on monthly counts of arrest for controlling or coercive beha... Read More about Policing a new domestic abuse crime: effects of force-wide training on arrests for coercive control.

Service provider difficulties in operationalising coercive control (2018)
Journal Article
Gormally, S., Brennan, I. R., Burton, V., Gormally, S., & O’Leary, N. (2019). Service provider difficulties in operationalising coercive control. Violence against women, 25(6), 635-653. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801218797478

© The Author(s) 2018. We examined perspectives of social workers, police officers, and specialist domestic abuse practitioners about their perceived ability and organizational readiness to respond effectively to incidents of coercive and controlling... Read More about Service provider difficulties in operationalising coercive control.

Weapon-carrying and the reduction of violent harm (2018)
Journal Article
Brennan, I. R. (2019). Weapon-carrying and the reduction of violent harm. The British journal of criminology, 59(3), 571-593. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azy032

Criminology has much to offer activities to reduce the harm of violent incidents –– particularly by reducing weapon-carrying and use – but the discipline’s engagement with the harm reduction agenda has been limited. In addressing this, the paper iden... Read More about Weapon-carrying and the reduction of violent harm.

Police-initiated diversion for youth to prevent future delinquent behavior: a systematic review (2018)
Journal Article
Wilson, D. B., Brennan, I., & Olaghere, A. (2018). Police-initiated diversion for youth to prevent future delinquent behavior: a systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 14, https://doi.org/10.4073/csr.2018.5

Background Overly punitive responses to youth misconduct may have the unintended consequence of increasing the likelihood of future delinquency; yet, overly lenient responses may fail to serve as a corrective for the misbehavior. Police diversion... Read More about Police-initiated diversion for youth to prevent future delinquent behavior: a systematic review.

High stakes: The role of weapons in offender decision making (2017)
Book Chapter
Brennan, I. R. (2017). High stakes: The role of weapons in offender decision making. In H. Elffers, W. Bernasco, J. van Gelder, & H. Eiffers (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of offender decision making. Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199338801.013.17

This chapter describes the contradictory roles that weapons play in offender decision making as mechanisms that can both increase the physical harm to a victim of violence and also reduce the need for physical harm in victims of robbery. Because weap... Read More about High stakes: The role of weapons in offender decision making.

Early diversion and empowerment policing : evaluating an adult female offender triage project (2016)
Journal Article
Brennan, I. R., Green, S., & Sturgeon-Adams, L. (2018). Early diversion and empowerment policing : evaluating an adult female offender triage project. Policing and Society, 28(5), 570-586. https://doi.org/10.1080/10439463.2016.1187607

This paper provides an evaluation of a police pilot early-diversion scheme for adult females who were arrested for low-severity offences using a natural experiment design. The intervention is novel in that it diverts arrestees to a women’s centre for... Read More about Early diversion and empowerment policing : evaluating an adult female offender triage project.

Change in alcohol outlet density and alcohol-related harm to population health (CHALICE): a comprehensive record-linked database study in Wales (2016)
Journal Article
Fone, D., Morgan, J., Fry, R., Rodgers, S., Orford, S., Farewell, D., …Lyons, R. (2016). Change in alcohol outlet density and alcohol-related harm to population health (CHALICE): a comprehensive record-linked database study in Wales. Public Health Research, 4(3), 1-184. https://doi.org/10.3310/phr04030

Background Excess alcohol consumption has serious adverse effects on health and results in violence-related harm. Objective This study investigated the impact of change in community alcohol availability on alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm... Read More about Change in alcohol outlet density and alcohol-related harm to population health (CHALICE): a comprehensive record-linked database study in Wales.