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Dr James Gilbert

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James Gilbert

Lecturer in Zoology/ Deputy Programme Leader, Zoology


Sporopollenin as a dilution agent in artificial diets for solitary bees (2020)
Journal Article
Tainsh, F., Woodmansey, S. R., Austin, A. J., Bagnall, T. E., & Gilbert, J. D. (in press). Sporopollenin as a dilution agent in artificial diets for solitary bees. Apidologie, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13592-020-00801-1

Nutritional studies often require precise control of nutrients via dilution of artificial diets with indigestible material, but such studies in bees are limited. Common diluents like cellulose typically result in total mortality of bee larvae, making... Read More about Sporopollenin as a dilution agent in artificial diets for solitary bees.

Predation drives recurrent convergence of an interspecies mutualism (2018)
Journal Article
Feeney, W. E., Brooker, R. M., Johnston, L. N., Gilbert, J. D., Besson, M., Lecchini, D., …Manica, A. (2019). Predation drives recurrent convergence of an interspecies mutualism. Ecology letters, 22(2), 256-264. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.13184

Mutualisms are fundamental ecological interactions that underpin much of the world’s biodiversity. Recent studies have demonstrated how external pressures, such as predation, can regulate the dynamics of interspecific interactions and cause the break... Read More about Predation drives recurrent convergence of an interspecies mutualism.

Skew in ovarian activation depends on domicile size in phyllode-glueing thrips (2018)
Journal Article
Gilbert, J. D., Wells, A., & Simpson, S. J. (2018). Skew in ovarian activation depends on domicile size in phyllode-glueing thrips. Scientific reports, 8(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-21635-z

Costs and benefits of group living are a fundamental topic in behavioural ecology. Resource availability affects individuals’ breeding prospects alone and in groups, as well as how reproduction is distributed within groups (“reproductive skew”). Here... Read More about Skew in ovarian activation depends on domicile size in phyllode-glueing thrips.

Aposematism in the burying beetle? Dual function of anal fluid in parental care and chemical defense (2017)
Journal Article
Lindstedt, C., Boncoraglio, G., Cotter, S., Gilbert, J., & Kilner, R. M. (2017). Aposematism in the burying beetle? Dual function of anal fluid in parental care and chemical defense. Behavioral ecology, 28(6), 1414-1422. https://doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arx100

© 2017 The Author. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Society for Behavioral Ecology. All rights reserved. Burying beetles (Nicrophorus vespilloides) bear distinctive and variable orange-black patterning on their ely... Read More about Aposematism in the burying beetle? Dual function of anal fluid in parental care and chemical defense.

Male genital titillators and the intensity of post-copulatory sexual selection across bushcrickets (2017)
Journal Article
Lehmann, G. U., Gilbert, J. D., Vahed, K., & Lehmann, A. W. (2017). Male genital titillators and the intensity of post-copulatory sexual selection across bushcrickets. Behavioral ecology, 28(5), 1198-1205. doi:10.1093/beheco/arx094

Animal genitalia are diverse and a growing body of evidence suggests that they evolve rapidly under post-copulatory sexual selection. This process is predicted to be more intense in polyandrous species, although there have been very few comparative s... Read More about Male genital titillators and the intensity of post-copulatory sexual selection across bushcrickets.

Larval exposure to field-realistic concentrations of clothianidin has no effect on development rate, over-winter survival or adult metabolic rate in a solitary bee, Osmia bicornis (2017)
Journal Article
Nicholls, E., Fowler, R., Niven, J. E., Gilbert, J. D., & Goulson, D. (2017). Larval exposure to field-realistic concentrations of clothianidin has no effect on development rate, over-winter survival or adult metabolic rate in a solitary bee, Osmia bicornis. PeerJ, 5(6), e3417. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.3417

© 2017 Nicholls et al. There is widespread concern regarding the effects of agro-chemical exposure on bee health, of which neonicotinoids, systemic insecticides detected in the pollen and nectar of both crops and wildflowers, have been the most stron... Read More about Larval exposure to field-realistic concentrations of clothianidin has no effect on development rate, over-winter survival or adult metabolic rate in a solitary bee, Osmia bicornis.

Macroecology of parental care in arthropods: higher mortality risk leads to higher benefits of offspring protection in tropical climates (2016)
Journal Article
Santos, E. S., Bueno, P. P., Gilbert, J. D. J., & Machado, G. (2017). Macroecology of parental care in arthropods: higher mortality risk leads to higher benefits of offspring protection in tropical climates. Biological Reviews, 92(3), 1688-1701 . https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12303

The intensity of biotic interactions varies around the world, in such a way that mortality risk imposed by natural enemies is usually higher in the tropics. A major role of offspring attendance is protection against natural enemies, so the benefits o... Read More about Macroecology of parental care in arthropods: higher mortality risk leads to higher benefits of offspring protection in tropical climates.

Sex-biased parental care and sexual size dimorphism in a provisioning arthropod (2015)
Journal Article
Field, J., Shreeves, G., Kennedy, M., Brace, S., & Gilbert, J. D. J. (2015). Sex-biased parental care and sexual size dimorphism in a provisioning arthropod. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 69(12), 1897-1906 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00265-015-2002-1

The diverse selection pressures driving the evolution of sexual size dimorphism (SSD) have long been debated. Whilst the balance between fecundity selection and sexual selection has received much attention, explanations based on sex-specific ecology... Read More about Sex-biased parental care and sexual size dimorphism in a provisioning arthropod.