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Trinuclear zinc calix[4]arenes: synthesis, structure, and ring opening polymerization studies (2022)
Journal Article
Frese, J. W., Glenister, M. A., Elsegood, M. R., Xing, T., Frese, J., Derbyshire, M., …Redshaw, C. (2022). Trinuclear zinc calix[4]arenes: synthesis, structure, and ring opening polymerization studies. Dalton Transactions : an international journal of inorganic chemistry, https://doi.org/10.1039/d2dt01496c

The trinuclear zinc calix[4]arene complexes [Zn3(O2CCH3)2(L(O)2(OMe)2)2·xMeCN (x = 7.5, 1; x = 6, 1′), [Zn3(O2CCH3)2(L(O)2(OnPr)2)2·5MeCN (2·5MeCN), [Zn3(OEt)2(L(O)2(OMe)2)2]·4MeCN (3·4MeCN), [Zn3(OEt)2(L(Opentyl)2)2]·4.5MeCN (4·4.5MeCN) and [Zn3(OH)... Read More about Trinuclear zinc calix[4]arenes: synthesis, structure, and ring opening polymerization studies.

Niobium and Tantalum complexes derived from the acids Ph<inf>2</inf>C(X)CO<inf>2</inf>H (X = OH, NH<inf>2</inf>): synthesis, structure and ROP capability (2022)
Journal Article
Zhang, X., Prior, T. J., & Redshaw, C. (2022). Niobium and Tantalum complexes derived from the acids Ph2C(X)CO2H (X = OH, NH2): synthesis, structure and ROP capability. New journal of chemistry = Nouveau journal de chimie, https://doi.org/10.1039/d2nj02527b

Reaction of benzilic acid, Ph2C(OH)(CO2H), L1H2, with equimolar amounts of M(OR)5 (M = Nb, Ta) led, following work-up, to the tetranuclear complexes [Nb4(OEt)8(L1)4(μ-O)2] (1) or [Ta4(OEt)8(L1)4(μ-O)2]·0.5MeCN (2·0.5MeCN), respectively. Similar use o... Read More about Niobium and Tantalum complexes derived from the acids Ph<inf>2</inf>C(X)CO<inf>2</inf>H (X = OH, NH<inf>2</inf>): synthesis, structure and ROP capability.

Lead calix[n]arenes (n = 4, 6, 8): Structures and ring opening homo-/co-polymerization capability for cyclic esters (2021)
Journal Article
Xing, T., Prior, T. J., & Redshaw, C. (2021). Lead calix[n]arenes (n = 4, 6, 8): Structures and ring opening homo-/co-polymerization capability for cyclic esters. Dalton Transactions : an international journal of inorganic chemistry, 50(42), 15140-15152. https://doi.org/10.1039/d1dt02790e

Reaction of [LiPb(OiPr)3]2 (generated in situ) with either p-tert-butylcalix[4]areneH4 (L4H4) or p-tert-butylcalix[6]areneH6 (L6H6) resulted in the heterometallic lithium/lead complexes [Pb4Li2(L4)4H6(MeCN)3]·4.5MeCN (1·4.5MeCN) and [Pb8Li10Cl2(L6H2)... Read More about Lead calix[n]arenes (n = 4, 6, 8): Structures and ring opening homo-/co-polymerization capability for cyclic esters.

Scandium calix[n]arenes (n= 4, 6, 8): structural, cytotoxicity and ring opening polymerization studies (2021)
Journal Article
Alshamrani, A. F., Santoro, O., Prior, T. J., Alamri, M. A., Stasiuk, G. J., Elsegood, M. R. J., & Redshaw, C. (2021). Scandium calix[n]arenes (n= 4, 6, 8): structural, cytotoxicity and ring opening polymerization studies. Dalton Transactions : an international journal of inorganic chemistry, 50(24), 8302-8306. https://doi.org/10.1039/d1dt01330k

Interaction of [Sc(OR)3] (R = iPr or triflate) with p-tert-butylcalix[n]arenes, where n = 4, 6, or 8, affords a number of intriguing structural motifs, which are relatively non-toxic (cytotoxicity evaluated against cell lines HCT116 and HT-29) and a... Read More about Scandium calix[n]arenes (n= 4, 6, 8): structural, cytotoxicity and ring opening polymerization studies.

Coordination chemistry of [2 + 2] Schiff-base macrocycles derived from the dianilines [(2-NH2C6H4)2X] (X = CH2CH2, O): structural studies and ROP capability towards cyclic esters (2021)
Journal Article
Wang, K., Prior, T. J., Hughes, D. L., Arbaoui, A., & Redshaw, C. (2021). Coordination chemistry of [2 + 2] Schiff-base macrocycles derived from the dianilines [(2-NH2C6H4)2X] (X = CH2CH2, O): structural studies and ROP capability towards cyclic esters. Dalton Transactions : an international journal of inorganic chemistry, 50(23), 8057-8069. https://doi.org/10.1039/d1dt00711d

Reaction of the [2 + 2] Schiff-base macrocycles {[2-(OH)-5-(R)-C6H2-1,3-(CH)2][CH2CH2(2-C6H4N)2]}2(R = Me, L1H2;tBu, L2H2) with FeBr2afforded the complexes [FeBr(L1H2)]2[(FeBr3)2O]·2MeCN (1·2MeCN), [FeBr(L2H2)][X] (X = 0.5(FeBr3)2O,2·0.5MeCN, X = Br,... Read More about Coordination chemistry of [2 + 2] Schiff-base macrocycles derived from the dianilines [(2-NH2C6H4)2X] (X = CH2CH2, O): structural studies and ROP capability towards cyclic esters.

Comparative assessment of marine weathering of ROP-derived biopolymers against conventional plastics (2021)
Journal Article
Rodgers, K., Mayes, W. M., Santoro, O., Redshaw, C., Mccumskay, R., & Parsons, D. R. (2021). Comparative assessment of marine weathering of ROP-derived biopolymers against conventional plastics. Marine pollution bulletin, 167, Article 112272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112272

Bio-based plastics were designed to replace single-use plastics and to cause less post-consumer environmental damage. This paper assesses the weathering of four bio-based polymers created by ring opening polymerization (ROP) promoted by a previously... Read More about Comparative assessment of marine weathering of ROP-derived biopolymers against conventional plastics.

Lithium calix[4]arenes: structural studies and use in the ring opening polymerization of cyclic esters (2021)
Journal Article
Redshaw, C., Yamato, T., Teat, S. J., Elsegood, M. R. J., & Santoro, O. (2021). Lithium calix[4]arenes: structural studies and use in the ring opening polymerization of cyclic esters. RSC advances, 11(19), 11304-11317. https://doi.org/10.1039/d1ra00175b

We have structurally characterized a number of lithiated calix[4]arenes, where the bridge in the calix[4]arene is thia (–S–, LS H4), sulfinyl (–SO–, LSOH4), sulfonyl (–SO2–, LSO2H4), dimethyleneoxa (–CH2OCH2–, LCOCH4) or methylene (–CH2–, LH4). In th... Read More about Lithium calix[4]arenes: structural studies and use in the ring opening polymerization of cyclic esters.

What Is in a Name? The Rising Star of the Circular Economy as a Resource-Related Concept for Sustainable Development (2021)
Journal Article
Cecchin, A., Salomone, R., Deutz, P., Raggi, A., & Cutaia, L. (2021). What Is in a Name? The Rising Star of the Circular Economy as a Resource-Related Concept for Sustainable Development. Circular Economy and Sustainability, 1(1), 83-97. https://doi.org/10.1007/s43615-021-00021-4

The most popular definition of sustainable development, which can be found in the Brundtland Report, sets an ideal goal but do not provide a clear direction for the implementation of sustainable solutions. Other related concepts and approaches have... Read More about What Is in a Name? The Rising Star of the Circular Economy as a Resource-Related Concept for Sustainable Development.

Titanium complexes bearing oxa- and azacalix[4, 6]arenes: structural studies and use in the ring opening homo-/co-polymerization of cyclic esters. (2021)
Journal Article
Xing, T., Prior, T. J., Chen, K., & Redshaw, C. (2021). Titanium complexes bearing oxa- and azacalix[4, 6]arenes: structural studies and use in the ring opening homo-/co-polymerization of cyclic esters. Dalton Transactions : an international journal of inorganic chemistry, 50(12), 4396-4407. https://doi.org/10.1039/d1dt00189b

Reaction of excess [Ti(OiPr)4] with p-tert-butyltetrahomodioxacalix[6]areneH6 (L1H6) afforded, after work-up (MeCN), the complex [Ti2(OiPr)2(MeCN)L1]∙3.5MeCN (1∙3.5MeCN), whilst the oxo complex [Ti4(3-O)2(H2O)(L1)2]∙MeCN (2∙MeCN) was isolated via a... Read More about Titanium complexes bearing oxa- and azacalix[4, 6]arenes: structural studies and use in the ring opening homo-/co-polymerization of cyclic esters..

Co-polymerization of propylene oxide and CO2 using early transition metal (groups IV and V) metallocalix[n]arenes (n = 4, 6, 8) (2021)
Journal Article
Sun, Y. C., He, Z. H., Wang, Z. Y., Xing, T., Wang, Z., Sun, Y., …Redshaw, C. (in press). Co-polymerization of propylene oxide and CO2 using early transition metal (groups IV and V) metallocalix[n]arenes (n = 4, 6, 8). Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Article 50513. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.50513

A number of metallocalix[n]arenes, where n = 4, 6, or 8, of titanium and vanadium have been screened for their ability to act as catalysts for the co‐polymerization of propylene oxide and CO2 to form cyclic/polycarbonates. The vanadium‐containing cat... Read More about Co-polymerization of propylene oxide and CO2 using early transition metal (groups IV and V) metallocalix[n]arenes (n = 4, 6, 8).

Synthesis, characterisation and ROP catalytic evaluation of Cu(II) complexes bearing 2,2ʹ-diphenylglycine-derived moieties (2020)
Journal Article
Alshamrani, A. F. A., Santoro, O., Ounsworth, S., Prior, T. J., Stasiuk, G. J., & Redshaw, C. (2021). Synthesis, characterisation and ROP catalytic evaluation of Cu(II) complexes bearing 2,2ʹ-diphenylglycine-derived moieties. Polyhedron, 195, Article 114977. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.poly.2020.114977

The treatment of CuX2 (X = Cl, Br) with an equimolar amount of 2-2ʹ-diphenylglycine (DpgH) in EtOH at reflux afforded, after work up, the complexes [CuCl(Dpg)(EtOH)]2 (1) and [(CuBr2)2(Dpg)2Cu(EtOH)4] (2), respectively. The compounds were obtained mi... Read More about Synthesis, characterisation and ROP catalytic evaluation of Cu(II) complexes bearing 2,2ʹ-diphenylglycine-derived moieties.

Vanadium complexes derived from oxacalix[6]arenes: structural studies and use in the ring opening homo-/co-polymerization of ε-caprolactone/δ-valerolactone and ethylene polymerization (2020)
Journal Article
Xing, T., Prior, T. J., Elsegood, M. R. J., Semikolenova, N. V., Soshnikov, I. E., Bryliakov, K. P., …Redshaw, C. (2021). Vanadium complexes derived from oxacalix[6]arenes: structural studies and use in the ring opening homo-/co-polymerization of ε-caprolactone/δ-valerolactone and ethylene polymerization. Catalysis science & technology, 11(2), 624-636. https://doi.org/10.1039/d0cy01979h

Reaction of Na[VO(tBuO)4] (generated in-situ from VOCl3 and NaOtBu) with p-tert-butyltetrahomodioxacalix[6]areneH6 (L1H6) afforded, after work-up (in MeCN), the mixed-metal complex [(VO)2(μ-O)Na2(L1)(MeCN)4]·5(MeCN) (1·5MeCN), whilst the oxo complex... Read More about Vanadium complexes derived from oxacalix[6]arenes: structural studies and use in the ring opening homo-/co-polymerization of ε-caprolactone/δ-valerolactone and ethylene polymerization.

Rare-earth metal complexes derived from the acids Ph2C(X)CO2H (X= OH, NH2): Structural and ring opening polymerization (ROP) studies. (2020)
Journal Article
Collins, J., Santoro, O., Prior, T. J., Chen, K., & Redshaw, C. (2021). Rare-earth metal complexes derived from the acids Ph2C(X)CO2H (X= OH, NH2): Structural and ring opening polymerization (ROP) studies. Journal of molecular structure, 1224, Article 129083. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molstruc.2020.129083

Treatment of Ln(NO3)3.6H2O (Ln = La, Ce) with an equimolar amount of 2,2’-diphenylglycine (DpgH) in ethanol afforded the corresponding hexacoordinated complexes (DpgH±)3Ln(NO3)3.H2O (DpgH± = zwitterionic 2,2’-diphenylglycine, Ln = La (1), Ce (2)). Th... Read More about Rare-earth metal complexes derived from the acids Ph2C(X)CO2H (X= OH, NH2): Structural and ring opening polymerization (ROP) studies..

Insights into the structures adopted by titanocalix[6 and 8]arenes and their use in the ring opening polymerization of cyclic esters (2020)
Journal Article
Santoro, O., Elsegood, M. R. J., Bedwell, E., Pryce, J., & Redshaw, C. (2020). Insights into the structures adopted by titanocalix[6 and 8]arenes and their use in the ring opening polymerization of cyclic esters. Dalton Transactions : an international journal of inorganic chemistry, 49(34), 11978-11996. https://doi.org/10.1039/d0dt02130j

Interaction of p-tert-butylcalix[6]areneH6, L1H6, with [TiCl4] afforded the complex [Ti2Cl3(MeCN)2(OH2)(L1H)][Ti2Cl3(MeCN)3(L1H)]∙4.5MeCN (1∙4.5MeCN), in which two pseudo octahedral titanium centres are bound to one calix[6]arene. A similar reaction... Read More about Insights into the structures adopted by titanocalix[6 and 8]arenes and their use in the ring opening polymerization of cyclic esters.

Supramolecular chemistry of substituted cucurbit[: N] urils (2020)
Journal Article
Lin, R. L., Liu, J. X., Chen, K., & Redshaw, C. (2020). Supramolecular chemistry of substituted cucurbit[: N] urils. Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers, 7(17), 3217-3246. https://doi.org/10.1039/d0qi00529k

Since the first example of substituted cucurbit[n]urils (Q[n]), decamethylcucurbit[5]uril (Me10Q[5]), was reported in 1992, numerous substituted Q[n]s have been synthesized and studied. In this review article, we focus on the recognition properties o... Read More about Supramolecular chemistry of substituted cucurbit[: N] urils.

Synthesis of Biodegradable Polymers: A Review on the Use of Schiff-Base Metal Complexes as Catalysts for the Ring Opening Polymerization (ROP) of Cyclic Esters (2020)
Journal Article
Santoro, O., Zhang, X., & Redshaw, C. (2020). Synthesis of Biodegradable Polymers: A Review on the Use of Schiff-Base Metal Complexes as Catalysts for the Ring Opening Polymerization (ROP) of Cyclic Esters. Catalysts, 10(7), 1-49. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10070800

This review describes the recent advances (from 2008 onwards) in the use of Schiff-base metal complexes as catalysts for the ring opening polymerization (ROP) of cyclic esters. The synthesis and structure of the metal complexes, as well as all aspect... Read More about Synthesis of Biodegradable Polymers: A Review on the Use of Schiff-Base Metal Complexes as Catalysts for the Ring Opening Polymerization (ROP) of Cyclic Esters.

Complex emulsions for shape control based on mass transfer and phase separation (2020)
Journal Article
Zhang, F., Jiang, L., Zeng, C., Wang, C., Wang, J., Ke, X., & Zhang, L. (2020). Complex emulsions for shape control based on mass transfer and phase separation. Soft matter, 16(25), 5981-5989. https://doi.org/10.1039/d0sm00862a

Complex emulsions are used to fabricate new morphologies of multiple Janus droplets, evolving from non-engulfing to complete engulfing core/shell configuration. The produced droplets contain an aqueous phase of dextran (DEX) solution and an oil phase... Read More about Complex emulsions for shape control based on mass transfer and phase separation.

Use of titanium complexes bearing diphenolate or calix[n]arene ligands in α-olefin polymerization and the ROP of cyclic esters (2020)
Journal Article
Santoro, O., & Redshaw, C. (2020). Use of titanium complexes bearing diphenolate or calix[n]arene ligands in α-olefin polymerization and the ROP of cyclic esters. Catalysts, 10(2), Article 210. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10020210

In this review, we discuss the use of titanium complexes bearing either bridged diphenolate or calix[n]arene (n = 4, 6, 8) ligation, in the formation of plastics from α-olefins or via the ring opening polymerization (ROP) of cyclic esters. The synthe... Read More about Use of titanium complexes bearing diphenolate or calix[n]arene ligands in α-olefin polymerization and the ROP of cyclic esters.

Use of titanocalix[4]arenes in the ring opening polymerization of cyclic esters (2020)
Journal Article
Sun, Z., Zhao, Y., Santoro, O., Elsegood, M. R., Bedwell, E. V., Zahra, K., …Redshaw, C. (2020). Use of titanocalix[4]arenes in the ring opening polymerization of cyclic esters. Catalysis science & technology, 10(6), 1619-1639. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9cy02571e

The known dichloride complexes [TiCl2L(O)2(OR)2] (type I: R = Me (1), n-Pr (2) and n-pentyl (3); L(OH)2(OR)2 = 1,3-dialkyloxy-p-tert-butylcalix[4]arene), together with the new complexes {[TiL(O)3(OR)]2(μ-Cl)2}·6MeCN (R = n-decyl (4·6MeCN)), and [Ti(N... Read More about Use of titanocalix[4]arenes in the ring opening polymerization of cyclic esters.

Synthesis and structures of mono- and di-nuclear aluminium and zinc complexes bearing α-diimine and related ligands, and their use in the ring opening polymerization of cyclic esters (2019)
Journal Article
Xiao, L., Zhao, Y., Qiao, S., Sun, Z., Santoro, O., & Redshaw, C. (2020). Synthesis and structures of mono- and di-nuclear aluminium and zinc complexes bearing α-diimine and related ligands, and their use in the ring opening polymerization of cyclic esters. Dalton Transactions : an international journal of inorganic chemistry, 49(5), 1456-1472. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9dt04332b

A series of organoaluminium imino-amido complexes of the type {[ArNC(Me2)C(Me)NAr]AlMe2} (Ar = 2,6-iPr2C6H3 (1), Ar = 2,6-Et2C6H3 (2); Ar = 2,6-Me2C6H3 (3) have been prepared via reaction of AlR3 and the respective α-diimine. Similar reaction of the... Read More about Synthesis and structures of mono- and di-nuclear aluminium and zinc complexes bearing α-diimine and related ligands, and their use in the ring opening polymerization of cyclic esters.