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Validation of Mentors' Behavior Scale among mentors

Zhao, Rong; Watson, Roger; Chen, Yanhua

Authors

Rong Zhao

Yanhua Chen

Abstract

The Mentors' Behavior Scale was developed and validated initially among nursing students by assessing the importance of mentors' behavior, showing satisfactory psychometrics and the potential to match mentors with students according to students' expectation. Objectives: This study aims to test the discriminant validity and the structure of the Mentor's Behavior Scale among mentors to assess mentors' performance. Design: A cross-sectional survey was applied in the study. Setting: Data were collected from mentors in seven hospitals in north, south, southwest China in 2016 and 2017. Participant: 871 mentors participated in this study. Methods: Purposeful sampling and online survey was used. Results: Three factors (to guide personal growth, promote professional development, and provide psychosocial support) were identified by exploratory factor analysis. The cumulative contribution of variance was 61.03%. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient of the scale was 0.85, and those of the three subscale's were 0.84, 0.72, and 0.74. The results of discriminant validity showed that mentors who received training and who liked mentoring students scored higher in mentoring behavior. Conclusion: Mentors considered that mentoring behavior were to guide students' personal growth, promote professional development and provide them with psychosocial support. It will be useful to apply The Mentors' Behavior Scale among mentors to guide and evaluate their behaviors.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2018-12
Print ISSN 0260-6917
Electronic ISSN 1532-2793
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 71
Pages 180-184
Institution Citation Zhao, R., Watson, R., & Chen, Y. (2018). Validation of Mentors' Behavior Scale among mentors. Nurse education today, 71, 180-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2018.09.034
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2018.09.034
Keywords Nursing; Mentors' behavior; Guiding personal growth; Promoting professional development; Psychosocial support
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0260691718307019?dgcid=rss_sd_all

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