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An exploration of the structure of mentors' behavior in nursing education using exploratory factor analysis and Mokken scale analysis

Chen, Yanhua; Watson, Roger; Hilton, Andrea

Authors

Yanhua Chen

Dr Andrea Hilton A.Hilton@hull.ac.uk
Senior Lecturer and Programme director, Non-Medical Prescribing

Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. Background: To understand nursing students' expectation from their mentors and assess mentors' performance, a scale of mentors' behavior was developed based on literature review and focus group in China. Objectives: This study aims to explore the structure of mentors' behavior. Design: A cross-sectional survey. Setting: Data were collected from nursing students in three hospitals in southwest China in 2014. Participant: A total of 669 pre-registered nursing students in their final year clinical learning participated in this study. Methods: Exploratory factor analysis and Mokken scale analysis was employed to explore the structure and hierarchical property of mentors' behavior. Results: Three dimensions (professional development, facilitating learning and psychosocial support) were identified by factor analysis and confirmed by Mokken scaling analysis. The three sub-scales showed internal consistency reliability from 87% to 91%, and moderate to strong precision in ordering students' expectation about mentors' behavior and a small Mokken scale showing hierarchy was identified. Conclusion: Some insight into the structure of mentoring in nursing education has been obtained and a scale which could be used in the study of mentoring and in the preparation of mentors has been developed.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date May 1, 2016
Journal Nurse education today
Print ISSN 0260-6917
Electronic ISSN 1532-2793
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 40
Pages 161-167
Institution Citation Chen, Y., Watson, R., & Hilton, A. (2016). An exploration of the structure of mentors' behavior in nursing education using exploratory factor analysis and Mokken scale analysis. Nurse education today, 40, 161-167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2016.03.001
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2016.03.001
Keywords Nursing education, Mentor, Behaviour
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0260691716000988
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: An exploration of the structure of mentors' behavior in nursing education using exploratory factor analysis and Mokken scale analysis; Journal Title: Nurse Education Today; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2016.03.001; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Copyright Statement
© 2017. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/



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