Development and validity testing of a type 1 diabetes resource for 10-19-years old adolescents in China
Zhao, Xiaolei; Hilton, Andrea; Watson, Roger; Chen, Yanhua
Dr Andrea Hilton A.Hilton@hull.ac.uk
Senior Lecturer and Programme director, Non-Medical Prescribing
Professor Roger Watson R.Watson@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Nursing
Purpose: This phase 1 study aimed to develop a Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) educational resource for adolescents (10–19 years) in China, and to test its validity for improving diabetes knowledge, self-efficacy and adherence. Design and methods: This phase 1 study was carried out in four phases: preliminary development of the Type 1 diabetes educational resource in English based on the health belief model (HBM) and the International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD) Consensus Guidelines 2014; translation of the resource into Chinese; readability testing of the resource; and face and content validity testing for scientific and clinical accuracy. Results: Type 1 diabetes educational resource with 17 “topics” in four sections was developed for 10–19-years old adolescents in China. Cartoon story, images, stories, questions & answers, and quizzes were used to attract adolescents' interest. Furthermore, the educational resource was confirmed to be understandable among adolescents, clinically accurate, and consistent with its purpose. Conclusions: This resource with good readability and content validity is a potential facilitator for diabetes education and self-management in adolescents with T1DM in China. Practical implications: This type 1 diabetes resource can be used to educate adolescents with T1DM as a validated resource after further testing in an effectiveness study.
Zhao, X., Hilton, A., Watson, R., & Chen, Y. (in press). Development and validity testing of a type 1 diabetes resource for 10-19-years old adolescents in China. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2021.03.029
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Mar 27, 2021|
|Online Publication Date||Apr 7, 2021|
|Deposit Date||Apr 19, 2021|
|Publicly Available Date||Apr 8, 2022|
|Journal||Journal of Pediatric Nursing|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Diabetes education; Adolescents; Type 1 diabetes; Self-efficacy; Adherence|
This file is under embargo until Apr 8, 2022 due to copyright reasons.
Contact R.Watson@hull.ac.uk to request a copy for personal use.