Laser sintering of gravure printed indium tin oxide films on polyethylene terephthalate for flexible electronics
Serkov, Anton; Snelling, H. V.; Heusing, S.; Martins Amaral, T.
Dr Howard Snelling H.V.Snelling@hull.ac.uk
Lecturer in Physics
T. Martins Amaral
© 2019, The Author(s). Tin doped indium oxide (ITO) thin films provide excellent transparency and conductivity for electrodes in displays and photovoltaic systems. Current advances in producing printable ITO inks are reducing the volume of wasted indium during thin film patterning. However, their applicability to flexible electronics is hindered by the need for high temperature processing that results in damage to conventional polymer substrates. Here, we detail the conditions under which laser heating can be used as a replacement for oven and furnace treatments. Measurements of the optical properties of both the printed ITO film and the polymer substrate (polyethylene terephthalate, PET) identify that in the 1.5–2.0 μm wavelength band there is absorption in the ITO film but good transparency in PET. Hence, laser light that is not absorbed in the film does not go on to add a deleterious energy loading to the substrate. Localization of the energy deposition in the film is further enhanced by using ultrashort laser pulses (~1 ps) thus limiting heat flow during the interaction. Under these conditions, laser processing of the printed ITO films results in an improvement of the conductivity without damage to the PET.
Serkov, A., Snelling, H. V., Heusing, S., & Martins Amaral, T. (2019). Laser sintering of gravure printed indium tin oxide films on polyethylene terephthalate for flexible electronics. Scientific reports, 9(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-38043-y
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Nov 13, 2018|
|Online Publication Date||Feb 11, 2019|
|Publication Date||Dec 1, 2019|
|Deposit Date||Jan 17, 2019|
|Publicly Available Date||Jul 1, 2019|
|Publisher||Nature Publishing Group|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Indium tin oxide films|
Publisher Licence URL
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.