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The toxic effect of cytostatics on primary cilia frequency and multiciliation

Filipová, Alžběta; Diaz Garcia, Daniel; Bezrouk, Aleš; Čížková, Dana; Dvořák, Josef; Filip, Stanislav; Sturge, Justin; Šinkorová, Zuzana


Alžběta Filipová

Daniel Diaz Garcia

Aleš Bezrouk

Dana Čížková

Josef Dvořák

Stanislav Filip

Zuzana Šinkorová


The primary cilium is considered as a key component of morphological cellular stability. However, cancer cells are notorious for lacking primary cilia in most cases, depending upon the tumour type. Previous reports have shown the effect of starvation and cytostatics on ciliogenesis in normal and cancer cells although with limited success, especially when concerning the latter. In this study we evaluated the presence and frequency of primary cilia in breast fibroblasts and in triple negative breast cancer cells after treatment with cytostatics finding that, in the case of breast fibroblasts, primary cilia were detected at their highest incidence 72 hours after treatment with 120 nM doxorubicin. Further, multiciliated cells were also detected after treatment with 80 nM doxorubicin. On the other hand, treatment with taxol increased the number of ciliated cells only at low concentrations (1.25 and 3.25 nM) and did not induce multiciliation. Interestingly, triple negative breast cancer cells did not present primary cilia after treatment with either doxorubicin or taxol. This is the first study reporting presence of multiple primary cilia in breast fibroblasts induced by Doxorubicin. However, the null effect of these cytostatics on primary cilia incidence in the evaluated TNBC cell lines requires further research.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2019-08
Journal Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Print ISSN 1582-1838
Publisher Wiley Open Access
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 23
Issue 8
Pages 5728-5736
Series ISSN 1582-4934
APA6 Citation Filipová, A., Diaz Garcia, D., Bezrouk, A., Čížková, D., Dvořák, J., Filip, S., …Šinkorová, Z. (2019). The toxic effect of cytostatics on primary cilia frequency and multiciliation. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, 23(8), 5728-5736.
Keywords Primary cilium; Multiple cilia; Cytostatics; Toxicity; Cell line
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Copyright Statement
© 2019 The Authors. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine.

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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