Globalization has had different effects on the world since the concept emerged. Globalization impact on supply chains and logistics has revolutionized global trade. It has resulted in new levels of speed, efficiency, effectiveness and endless options. With the concept of globalization applied in supply chains and logistics, it has resulted in the emergence of global logistics hubs. Global logistics hubs have many advantages and are the base for global trade nowadays and they are a crucial link in global supply chains. Without the facilitations that global logistics hubs bring to the table, it is nearly impossible to carry on global trade with the same standards we see today. Global logistics hubs are massive composition of activities, offering all types of transportation modes, light manufacturing and added-value logistics services, and handling global amounts of products. This agglomeration of activities as much as it helps in keeping the global trade system going smoothly, it has immense environmental externalities, affecting the local communities and the rest of the world. Scholars, governments, and NGOs’ increased interest in the sustainable development and the environmental impact of organizations since the Rio Summit in 1992. This brings our attention to the effect of the agglomerated activities of global logistics hubs and how it is measured and managed. Since sustainability has multiple dimensions, such as people, culture and institutions (O’Riordan, 2014), it is interesting to explore how stakeholders affect and are affected by environmental sustainability in global logistics hubs as well. This paper is based on an ongoing PhD research that aims to explore the holistic model of global logistics hubs and their environmental sustainability and measurement, in addition to the stakeholders and their influence on environmental sustainability.
Shaw, S., Grant, D., Hassan, S., & Creazza, A. (2018). Exploring environmental sustainability and performance of global logistics hubs.