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Stroop interference is a composite phenomenon: Evidence from distinct developmental trajectories of its components

Ferrand, Ludovic; Ducrot, Stéphanie; Chausse, Pierre; Maïonchi‐Pino, Norbert; O’Connor, Richard J.; Parris, Benjamin A.; Perret, Patrick; Riggs, Kevin J.; Augustinova, Maria

Authors

Ludovic Ferrand

Stéphanie Ducrot

Pierre Chausse

Norbert Maïonchi‐Pino

Benjamin A. Parris

Patrick Perret

Maria Augustinova



Abstract

© 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd Only one previous developmental study of Stroop task performance (Schiller, 1966) has controlled for differences in processing speed that exist both within and between age groups. Therefore, the question of whether the early developmental change in the magnitude of Stroop interference actually persists after controlling for processing speed needs further investigation; work that is further motivated by the possibility that any remaining differences would be caused by process(es) other than processing speed. Analysis of data from two experiments revealed that, even after controlling for processing speed using z-transformed reaction times, early developmental change persists such that the magnitude of overall Stroop interference is larger in 3rd- and 5th graders as compared to 1st graders. This pattern indicates that the magnitude of overall Stroop interference peaks after 2 or 3years of reading practice (Schadler & Thissen, 1981). Furthermore, this peak is shown to be due to distinct components of Stroop interference (resulting from specific conflicts) progressively falling into place. Experiment 2 revealed that the change in the magnitude of Stroop interference specifically results from joint contributions of task, semantic and response conflicts in 3rd- and 5th graders as compared to a sole contribution of task conflict in 1st graders. The specific developmental trajectories of different conflicts presented in the present work provide unique evidence for multiple loci of Stroop interference in the processing stream (respectively task, semantic and response conflict) as opposed to a single (i.e. response) locus predicted by historically – favored response competition accounts.

Citation

Ferrand, L., Ducrot, S., Chausse, P., Maïonchi‐Pino, N., O’Connor, R. J., Parris, B. A., …Augustinova, M. (2020). Stroop interference is a composite phenomenon: Evidence from distinct developmental trajectories of its components. Developmental Science, 23(2), https://doi.org/10.1111/desc.12899

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 28, 2019
Online Publication Date Sep 18, 2019
Publication Date 2020-03
Deposit Date Oct 3, 2019
Publicly Available Date Sep 19, 2020
Journal Developmental Science
Print ISSN 1363-755X
Electronic ISSN 1467-7687
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 23
Issue 2
Article Number e12899
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/desc.12899
Keywords Cognitive Neuroscience; Developmental and Educational Psychology
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/2844535
Additional Information Data (for each participant and each condition) for both Experiment 1 and 2 are publicly available via the Open Science Framework and can be accessed at https://osf.io/69fkj/; https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/69FKJ (Ferrand et al., 2019).

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