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A spatio-temporal hybrid neural network-Kriging model for groundwater level simulation

Tapoglou, Evdokia; Karatzas, George P.; Trichakis, Ioannis C.; Varouchakis, Emmanouil A.


George P. Karatzas

Ioannis C. Trichakis

Emmanouil A. Varouchakis


Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) and Kriging have both been used for hydraulic head simulation. In this study, the two methodologies were combined in order to simulate the spatial and temporal distribution of hydraulic head in a study area. In order to achieve that, a fuzzy logic inference system can also be used. Different ANN architectures and variogram models were tested, together with the use or not of a fuzzy logic system. The developed algorithm was implemented and applied for predicting, spatially and temporally, the hydraulic head in an area located in Bavaria, Germany. The performance of the algorithm was evaluated using leave one out cross validation and various performance indicators were derived. The best results were achieved by using ANNs with two hidden layers, with the use of the fuzzy logic system and by utilizing the power-law variogram. The results obtained from this procedure can be characterized as favorable, since the RMSE of the method is in the order of magnitude of 10-2m. Therefore this method can be used successfully in aquifers where geological characteristics are obscure, but a variety of other, easily accessible data, such as meteorological data can be easily found.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 27, 2014
Journal Journal of Hydrology
Print ISSN 0022-1694
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 519
Issue PD
Pages 3193-3203
APA6 Citation Tapoglou, E., Karatzas, G. P., Trichakis, I. C., & Varouchakis, E. A. (2014). A spatio-temporal hybrid neural network-Kriging model for groundwater level simulation. Journal of hydrology, 519(PD), 3193-3203.
Keywords Artificial Neural Networks; Kriging; Groundwater hydraulic head simulation; Spatial and temporal simulation