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Intelligent IoT Framework for Indoor Healthcare Monitoring of Parkinson’s Disease Patient

Raza, Mohsin; Awais, Muhammad; Singh, Nishant; Imran, Muhammad; Hussain, Sajjad


Mohsin Raza

Muhammad Awais

Nishant Singh

Muhammad Imran

Sajjad Hussain


Parkinson's disease is associated with high treatment costs, primarily attributed to the needs of hospitalization and frequent care services. A study reveals annual per-person healthcare costs for Parkinson's patients to be $21,482, with an additional $29,695 burden to society. Due to the high stakes and rapidly rising Parkinson's patients' count, it is imperative to introduce intelligent monitoring and analysis systems. In this paper, an Internet of Things (IoT) based framework is proposed to enable remote monitoring, administration, and analysis of patient's conditions in a typical indoor environment. The proposed infrastructure offers both static and dynamic routing, along with delay analysis and priority enabled communications. The scheme also introduces machine learning techniques to detect the progression of Parkinson's over six months using auditory inputs. The proposed IoT infrastructure and machine learning algorithm are thoroughly evaluated and a detailed analysis is performed. The results show that the proposed scheme offers efficient communication scheduling, facilitating a high number of users with low latency. The proposed machine learning scheme also outperforms state-of-the-art techniques in accurately predicting the Parkinson's progression. Index Terms-Internet of things (IoT), machine learning, Parkinson's disease, probability of blocking, low latency, priority communications.


Raza, M., Awais, M., Singh, N., Imran, M., & Hussain, S. (2021). Intelligent IoT Framework for Indoor Healthcare Monitoring of Parkinson’s Disease Patient. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 39(2), 593-602.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 16, 2020
Online Publication Date Sep 3, 2020
Publication Date 2021-02
Deposit Date May 3, 2020
Publicly Available Date May 15, 2020
Journal IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Print ISSN 0733-8716
Electronic ISSN 1558-0008
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 39
Issue 2
Pages 593-602
Keywords Internet of things (IoT); Machine learning; Parkinson’s disease; Probability of blocking; Low latency; Priority communications
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