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Estimating global injuries morbidity and mortality: methods and data used in the Global Burden of Disease 2017 study

Azarian, Ghasem; Bhattacharyya, Krittika; Budhathoki, Shyam S.; Castañeda-Orjuela, Carlos A.; Berhe, Kidanemaryam; Bhagavathula, Akshaya Srikanth; Bhardwaj, Pankaj; Bhat, Anusha Ganapati; Bibi, Sadia; Bensenor, Isabela M.; Bijani, Ali; Boloor, Archith; Borges, Guilherme; Borschmann, Rohan; Borzì, Antonio Maria; Boufous, Soufiane; Braithwaite, Dejana; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Bennett, Derrick A.; Brugha, Traolach; Henry, Nathaniel J.; Castle, Chris D.; Dingels, Zachary V.; Fox, Jack T.; Hamilton, Erin B.; Roberts, Nicholas L.S.; Sylte, Dillon O.; LeGrand, Kate E.; Banerjee, Srikanta K.; Abushouk, Abdelrahman I.; Adebayo, Oladimeji M.; Adsuar, Jose C.; Advani, Shailesh M.; Alghnam, Suliman A.; Almasri, Nihad A.; Badiye, Ashish D.; Briko, Nikolay Ivanovich; Car, Josip; James, Spencer L.; Arab-Zozani, Morteza; Andrei, Catalina Liliana; Ansari-Moghaddam, Alireza; T Antonio, Carl Abelardo; Anvari, Davood; Yaw Appiah, Seth Christopher; Arabloo, Jalal; Arefi, Zohreh; Behzadifar, Masoud; Aremu, Ola...

Authors

Ghasem Azarian

Krittika Bhattacharyya

Shyam S. Budhathoki

Carlos A. Castañeda-Orjuela

Kidanemaryam Berhe

Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula

Pankaj Bhardwaj

Anusha Ganapati Bhat

Sadia Bibi

Isabela M. Bensenor

Ali Bijani

Archith Boloor

Guilherme Borges

Rohan Borschmann

Antonio Maria Borzì

Soufiane Boufous

Dejana Braithwaite

Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

Derrick A. Bennett

Traolach Brugha

Nathaniel J. Henry

Chris D. Castle

Zachary V. Dingels

Jack T. Fox

Erin B. Hamilton

Nicholas L.S. Roberts

Dillon O. Sylte

Kate E. LeGrand

Srikanta K. Banerjee

Abdelrahman I. Abushouk

Oladimeji M. Adebayo

Jose C. Adsuar

Shailesh M. Advani

Suliman A. Alghnam

Nihad A. Almasri

Ashish D. Badiye

Nikolay Ivanovich Briko

Josip Car

Spencer L. James

Morteza Arab-Zozani

Catalina Liliana Andrei

Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam

Carl Abelardo T Antonio

Davood Anvari

Seth Christopher Yaw Appiah

Jalal Arabloo

Zohreh Arefi

Masoud Behzadifar

Olatunde Aremu

Filippo Ariani

Amit Arora

Malke Asaad

Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla

Getinet Ayano

Martin Amogre Ayanore

Habte Belete

Neeraj Bedi

Rosario Cárdenas

Ahad Bakhtiari

Félix Carvalho

João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia

Giulio Castelpietra

Alaa Badawi

Atif Amin Baig

Mohan Bairwa

Arun Balachandran

Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi

Maciej Banach

Palash Chandra Banik

Amrit Banstola

Suzanne Lyn Barker-Collo

Till Winfried Bärnighausen

Akbar Barzegar

Mohsen Bayati

Gregory J. Bertolacci

Spencer L James

Chris D Castle

Zachary V Dingels

Jack T Fox

Erin B Hamilton

Zichen Liu

Nicholas L S Roberts

Dillon O Sylte

Gregory J Bertolacci

Matthew Cunningham

Nathaniel J Henry

Kate E LeGrand

Ahmed Abdelalim

Ibrahim Abdollahpour

Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader

Aidin Abedi

Kedir Hussein Abegaz

Akine Eshete Abosetugn

Abdelrahman I Abushouk

Oladimeji M Adebayo

Jose C Adsuar

Shailesh M Advani

Marcela Agudelo-Botero

Tauseef Ahmad

Muktar Beshir Ahmed

Rushdia Ahmed

Miloud Taki Eddine Aichour

Fares Alahdab

Fahad Mashhour Alanezi

Niguse Meles Alema

Biresaw Wassihun Alemu

Suliman A Alghnam

Beriwan Abdulqadir Ali

Saqib Ali

Cyrus Alinia

Vahid Alipour

Syed Mohamed Aljunid

Amir Almasi-Hashiani

Nihad A Almasri

Khalid Altirkawi

Yasser Sami Abdeldayem Amer

Catalina Liliana Andrei

Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam

Carl Abelardo T Antonio

Davood Anvari

Seth Christopher Yaw Appiah

Jalal Arabloo

Morteza Arab-Zozani

Zohreh Arefi

Olatunde Aremu

Filippo Ariani

Amit Arora

Malke Asaad

Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla

Getinet Ayano

Martin Amogre Ayanore

Ghasem Azarian

Alaa Badawi

Ashish D Badiye

Atif Amin Baig

Mohan Bairwa

Ahad Bakhtiari

Arun Balachandran

Maciej Banach

Srikanta K Banerjee

Palash Chandra Banik

Amrit Banstola

Suzanne Lyn Barker-Collo

Till Winfried Bärnighausen

Akbar Barzegar

Mohsen Bayati

Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi

Neeraj Bedi

Masoud Behzadifar

Habte Belete

Derrick A Bennett

Isabela M Bensenor

Kidanemaryam Berhe

Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula

Pankaj Bhardwaj

Anusha Ganapati Bhat

Krittika Bhattacharyya

Zulfiqar A Bhutta

Sadia Bibi

Ali Bijani

Archith Boloor

Guilherme Borges

Rohan Borschmann

Antonio Maria Borzì

Soufiane Boufous

Dejana Braithwaite

Nikolay Ivanovich Briko

Traolach Brugha

Shyam S Budhathoki

Josip Car

Rosario Cárdenas

Félix Carvalho

João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia

Carlos A Castañeda-Orjuela

Giulio Castelpietra

Ferrán Catalá-López

Ester Cerin

Joht S Chandan

Jens Robert Chapman

Vijay Kumar Chattu

Soosanna Kumary Chattu

Irini Chatziralli

Neha Chaudhary

Daniel Youngwhan Cho

Jee-Young J Choi

Mohiuddin Ahsanul Kabir Chowdhury

Devasahayam J Christopher

Dinh-Toi Chu

Flavia M Cicuttini

João M Coelho

Vera M Costa

Saad M A Dahlawi

Ahmad Daryani

Claudio Alberto Dávila-Cervantes

Diego De Leo

Feleke Mekonnen Demeke

Gebre Teklemariam Demoz

Desalegn Getnet Demsie

Kebede Deribe

Rupak Desai

Mostafa Dianati Nasab

Diana Dias da Silva

Zahra Sadat Dibaji Forooshani

Hoa Thi Do

Kerrie E Doyle

Tim Robert Driscoll

Eleonora Dubljanin

Bereket Duko Adema

Arielle Wilder Eagan

Demelash Abewa Elemineh

Shaimaa I El-Jaafary

Ziad El-Khatib

Christian Lycke Ellingsen

Maysaa El Sayed Zaki

Sharareh Eskandarieh

Oghenowede Eyawo

Pawan Sirwan Faris

Andre Faro

Farshad Farzadfar

Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad

Eduarda Fernandes

Pietro Ferrara

Florian Fischer

Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan

Artem Alekseevich Fomenkov

Masoud Foroutan

Joel Msafiri Francis

Richard Charles Franklin

Takeshi Fukumoto

Biniyam Sahiledengle Geberemariyam

Hadush Gebremariam

Ketema Bizuwork Gebremedhin

Leake G Gebremeskel

Gebreamlak Gebremedhn Gebremeskel

Berhe Gebremichael

Getnet Azeze Gedefaw

Birhanu Geta

Agegnehu Bante Getenet

Mansour Ghafourifard

Farhad Ghamari

Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh

Asadollah Gholamian

Syed Amir Gilani

Tiffany K Gill

Amir Hossein Goudarzian

Alessandra C Goulart

Ayman Grada

Michal Grivna

Rafael Alves Guimarães

Yuming Guo

Gaurav Gupta

Juanita A Haagsma

Brian James Hall

Randah R Hamadeh

Samer Hamidi

Demelash Woldeyohannes Handiso

Josep Maria Haro

Amir Hasanzadeh

Shoaib Hassan

Soheil Hassanipour

Hadi Hassankhani

Hamid Yimam Hassen

Rasmus Havmoeller

Delia Hendrie

Fatemeh Heydarpour

Martha Híjar

Hung Chak Ho

Chi Linh Hoang

Michael K Hole

Ramesh Holla

Naznin Hossain

Mehdi Hosseinzadeh

Sorin Hostiuc

Guoqing Hu

Segun Emmanuel Ibitoye

Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi

Leeberk Raja Inbaraj

Seyed Sina Naghibi Irvani

M Mofizul Islam

Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam

Rebecca Q Ivers

Mohammad Ali Jahani

Mihajlo Jakovljevic

Farzad Jalilian

Sudha Jayaraman

Achala Upendra Jayatilleke

Ravi Prakash Jha

Yetunde O John-Akinola

Jost B Jonas

Kelly M Jones

Nitin Joseph

Farahnaz Joukar

Jacek Jerzy Jozwiak

Suresh Banayya Jungari

Mikk Jürisson

Ali Kabir

Amaha Kahsay

Leila R Kalankesh

Rohollah Kalhor

Teshome Abegaz Kamil

Tanuj Kanchan

Neeti Kapoor

Manoochehr Karami

Amir Kasaeian

Hagazi Gebremedhin Kassaye

Taras Kavetskyy

Gbenga A Kayode

Peter Njenga Keiyoro

Abraham Getachew Kelbore

Yousef Saleh Khader

Morteza Abdullatif Khafaie

Nauman Khalid

Ibrahim A Khalil

Rovshan Khalilov

Maseer Khan

Ejaz Ahmad Khan

Junaid Khan

Tripti Khanna

Salman Khazaei

Habibolah Khazaie

Roba Khundkar

Daniel N Kiirithio

Young-Eun Kim

Yun Jin Kim

Daniel Kim

Sezer Kisa

Adnan Kisa

Hamidreza Komaki

Shivakumar K M Kondlahalli

Ali Koolivand

Vladimir Andreevich Korshunov

Ai Koyanagi

Moritz U G Kraemer

Kewal Krishan

Barthelemy Kuate Defo

Burcu Kucuk Bicer

Nuworza Kugbey

Nithin Kumar

Manasi Kumar

Vivek Kumar

Narinder Kumar

Girikumar Kumaresh

Faris Hasan Lami

Van C Lansingh

Savita Lasrado

Arman Latifi

Paolo Lauriola

Carlo La Vecchia

Janet L Leasher

Shaun Wen Huey Lee

Shanshan Li

Xuefeng Liu

Alan D Lopez

Paulo A Lotufo

Ronan A Lyons

Daiane Borges Machado

Mohammed Madadin

Muhammed Magdy Abd El Razek

Narayan Bahadur Mahotra

Marek Majdan

Azeem Majeed

Venkatesh Maled

Deborah Carvalho Malta

Navid Manafi

Amir Manafi

Ana-Laura Manda

Narayana Manjunatha

Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei

Mohammad Ali Mansournia

Joemer C Maravilla

Amanda J Mason-Jones

Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi

Benjamin Ballard Massenburg

Pallab K Maulik

Man Mohan Mehndiratta

Zeleke Aschalew Melketsedik

Peter T N Memiah

Walter Mendoza

Ritesh G Menezes

Melkamu Merid Mengesha

Tuomo J Meretoja

Atte Meretoja

Hayimro Edemealem Merie

Tomislav Mestrovic

Bartosz Miazgowski

Tomasz Miazgowski

Ted R Miller

G K Mini

Andreea Mirica

Erkin M Mirrakhimov

Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh

Prasanna Mithra

Babak Moazen

Masoud Moghadaszadeh

Efat Mohamadi

Yousef Mohammad

Aso Mohammad Darwesh

Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani

Reza Mohammadpourhodki

Shafiu Mohammed

Jemal Abdu Mohammed

Farnam Mohebi

Mohammad A Mohseni Bandpei

Mariam Molokhia

Lorenzo Monasta

Yoshan Moodley

Masoud Moradi

Ghobad Moradi

Maziar Moradi-Lakeh

Rahmatollah Moradzadeh

Lidia Morawska

Ilais Moreno Velásquez

Shane Douglas Morrison

Tilahun Belete Mossie

Atalay Goshu Muluneh

Kamarul Imran Musa

Ghulam Mustafa

Mehdi Naderi

Ahamarshan Jayaraman Nagarajan

Gurudatta Naik

Mukhammad David Naimzada

Farid Najafi

Vinay Nangia

Bruno Ramos Nascimento

Morteza Naserbakht

Vinod Nayak

Javad Nazari

Duduzile Edith Ndwandwe

Ionut Negoi

Josephine W Ngunjiri

Trang Huyen Nguyen

Cuong Tat Nguyen

Diep Ngoc Nguyen

Huong Lan Thi Nguyen

Rajan Nikbakhsh

Dina Nur Anggraini Ningrum

Chukwudi A Nnaji

Richard Ofori-Asenso

Felix Akpojene Ogbo

Onome Bright Oghenetega

In-Hwan Oh

Andrew T Olagunju

Tinuke O Olagunju

Ahmed Omar Bali

Obinna E Onwujekwe

Heather M Orpana

Erika Ota

Nikita Otstavnov

Stanislav S Otstavnov

Mahesh P A

Jagadish Rao Padubidri

Smita Pakhale

Keyvan Pakshir

Songhomitra Panda-Jonas

Eun-Kee Park

Sangram Kishor Patel

Ashish Pathak

Sanghamitra Pati

Kebreab Paulos

Amy E Peden

Veincent Christian Filipino Pepito

Jeevan Pereira

Michael R Phillips

Roman V Polibin

Suzanne Polinder

Farshad Pourmalek

Akram Pourshams

Hossein Poustchi

Swayam Prakash

Dimas Ria Angga Pribadi

Parul Puri

Zahiruddin Quazi Syed

Navid Rabiee

Mohammad Rabiee

Amir Radfar

Anwar Rafay

Ata Rafiee

Alireza Rafiei

Fakher Rahim

Siavash Rahimi

Muhammad Aziz Rahman

Ali Rajabpour-Sanati

Fatemeh Rajati

Ivo Rakovac

Sowmya J Rao

Vahid Rashedi

Prateek Rastogi

Priya Rathi

Salman Rawaf

Lal Rawal

Reza Rawassizadeh

Vishnu Renjith

Serge Resnikoff

Aziz Rezapour

Ana Isabel Ribeiro

Jennifer Rickard

Carlos Miguel Rios González

Leonardo Roever

Luca Ronfani

Gholamreza Roshandel

Basema Saddik

Hamid Safarpour

Mahdi Safdarian

S Mohammad Sajadi

Payman Salamati

Marwa R Rashad Salem

Hosni Salem

Inbal Salz

Abdallah M Samy

Juan Sanabria

Lidia Sanchez Riera

Milena M Santric Milicevic

Abdur Razzaque Sarker

Arash Sarveazad

Brijesh Sathian

Monika Sawhney

Mehdi Sayyah

David C Schwebel

Soraya Seedat

Subramanian Senthilkumaran

Seyedmojtaba Seyedmousavi

Feng Sha

Faramarz Shaahmadi

Saeed Shahabi

Masood Ali Shaikh

Mehran Shams-Beyranvand

Aziz Sheikh

Mika Shigematsu

Jae Il Shin

Rahman Shiri

Soraya Siabani

Inga Dora Sigfusdottir

Jasvinder A Singh

Pankaj Kumar Singh

Dhirendra Narain Sinha

Amin Soheili

Joan B Soriano

Muluken Bekele Sorrie

Mark A Stokes

Mu'awiyyah Babale Sufiyan

Bryan L Sykes

Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos

Karen M Tabb

Biruk Wogayehu Taddele

Yonatal Mesfin Tefera

Arash Tehrani-Banihashemi

Gebretsadkan Hintsa Tekulu

Ayenew Kassie Tesema Tesema

Berhe Etsay Tesfay

Rekha Thapar

Mariya Vladimirovna Titova

Kenean Getaneh Tlaye

Hamid Reza Tohidinik

Roman Topor-Madry

Khanh Bao Tran

Bach Xuan Tran

Jaya Prasad Tripathy

Alexander C Tsai

Aristidis Tsatsakis

Lorainne Tudor Car

Irfan Ullah

Saif Ullah

Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan

Era Upadhyay

Olalekan A Uthman

Pascual R Valdez

Tommi Juhani Vasankari

Yousef Veisani

Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian

Francesco S Violante

Vasily Vlassov

Yasir Waheed

Yuan-Pang Wang

Taweewat Wiangkham

Haileab Fekadu Wolde

Dawit Habte Woldeyes

Temesgen Gebeyehu Wondmeneh

Adam Belay Wondmieneh

Ai-Min Wu

Grant M A Wyper

Rajaram Yadav

Ali Yadollahpour

Yuichiro Yano

Sanni Yaya

Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi

Pengpeng Ye

Paul Yip

Engida Yisma

Naohiro Yonemoto

Seok-Jun Yoon

Yoosik Youm

Mustafa Z Younis

Zabihollah Yousefi

Chuanhua Yu

Yong Yu

Telma Zahirian Moghadam

Zoubida Zaidi

Sojib Bin Zaman

Mohammad Zamani

Hamed Zandian

Fatemeh Zarei

Zhi-Jiang Zhang

Yunquan Zhang

Arash Ziapour

Sanjay Zodpey

Rakhi Dandona

Samath Dhamminda Dharmaratne

Simon I Hay

Ali H Mokdad

David M Pigott

Robert C Reiner

Theo Vos



Abstract

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ. BACKGROUND: While there is a long history of measuring death and disability from injuries, modern research methods must account for the wide spectrum of disability that can occur in an injury, and must provide estimates with sufficient demographic, geographical and temporal detail to be useful for policy makers. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2017 study used methods to provide highly detailed estimates of global injury burden that meet these criteria. METHODS: In this study, we report and discuss the methods used in GBD 2017 for injury morbidity and mortality burden estimation. In summary, these methods included estimating cause-specific mortality for every cause of injury, and then estimating incidence for every cause of injury. Non-fatal disability for each cause is then calculated based on the probabilities of suffering from different types of bodily injury experienced. RESULTS: GBD 2017 produced morbidity and mortality estimates for 38 causes of injury. Estimates were produced in terms of incidence, prevalence, years lived with disability, cause-specific mortality, years of life lost and disability-adjusted life-years for a 28-year period for 22 age groups, 195 countries and both sexes. CONCLUSIONS: GBD 2017 demonstrated a complex and sophisticated series of analytical steps using the largest known database of morbidity and mortality data on injuries. GBD 2017 results should be used to help inform injury prevention policy making and resource allocation. We also identify important avenues for improving injury burden estimation in the future.

Citation

James, S. L., Bertolacci, G. J., Castle, C. D., Dingels, Z. V., Fox, J. T., Hamilton, E. B., …Vos, T. (2020). Estimating global injuries morbidity and mortality: methods and data used in the Global Burden of Disease 2017 study. Injury Prevention, 26, i125-i153. https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2019-043531

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 6, 2019
Online Publication Date Aug 24, 2020
Publication Date Oct 1, 2020
Deposit Date Sep 8, 2020
Publicly Available Date Oct 27, 2022
Journal Injury prevention
Print ISSN 1353-8047
Electronic ISSN 1475-5785
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 26
Pages i125-i153
DOI https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2019-043531
Keywords Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/3584516
Publisher URL https://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/early/2020/08/24/injuryprev-2019-043531

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Copyright Statement
© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/







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