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Estimating global injuries morbidity and mortality: methods and data used in the Global Burden of Disease 2017 study

Azarian, Ghasem; Bhattacharyya, Krittika; Budhathoki, Shyam S.; Castañeda-Orjuela, Carlos A.; Berhe, Kidanemaryam; Bhagavathula, Akshaya Srikanth; Bhardwaj, Pankaj; Bhat, Anusha Ganapati; Bibi, Sadia; Bensenor, Isabela M.; Bijani, Ali; Boloor, Archith; Borges, Guilherme; Borschmann, Rohan; Borzì, Antonio Maria; Boufous, Soufiane; Braithwaite, Dejana; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Bennett, Derrick A.; Brugha, Traolach; Henry, Nathaniel J.; Castle, Chris D.; Dingels, Zachary V.; Fox, Jack T.; Hamilton, Erin B.; Roberts, Nicholas L.S.; Sylte, Dillon O.; LeGrand, Kate E.; Banerjee, Srikanta K.; Abushouk, Abdelrahman I.; Adebayo, Oladimeji M.; Adsuar, Jose C.; Advani, Shailesh M.; Alghnam, Suliman A.; Almasri, Nihad A.; Badiye, Ashish D.; Briko, Nikolay Ivanovich; Car, Josip; James, Spencer L.; Arab-Zozani, Morteza; Andrei, Catalina Liliana; Ansari-Moghaddam, Alireza; T Antonio, Carl Abelardo; Anvari, Davood; Yaw Appiah, Seth Christopher; Arabloo, Jalal; Arefi, Zohreh; Behzadifar, Masoud; Aremu, Olatunde; Ariani, Filippo; Arora, Amit; Asaad, Malke; Ayala Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina; Ayano, Getinet; Ayanore, Martin Amogre; Belete, Habte; Bedi, Neeraj; Cárdenas, Rosario; Bakhtiari, Ahad; Carvalho, Félix; Castaldelli-Maia, João Mauricio; Castelpietra, Giulio; Badawi, Alaa; Baig, Atif Amin; Bairwa, Mohan; Balachandran, Arun; Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad; Banach, Maciej; Banik, Palash Chandra; Banstola, Amrit; Barker-Collo, Suzanne Lyn; Bärnighausen, Till Winfried; Barzegar, Akbar; Bayati, Mohsen; Bertolacci, Gregory J.; Liu, Zichen; Cunningham, Matthew; Abdelalim, Ahmed; Abdollahpour, Ibrahim; Abdulkader, Rizwan Suliankatchi; Abedi, Aidin; Abegaz, Kedir Hussein; Abosetugn, Akine Eshete; Agudelo-Botero, Marcela; Ahmad, Tauseef; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Ahmed, Rushdia; Eddine Aichour, Miloud Taki; Alahdab, Fares; Alanezi, Fahad Mashhour; Alema, Niguse Meles; Alemu, Biresaw Wassihun; Ali, Beriwan Abdulqadir; Ali, Saqib; Alinia, Cyrus; Alipour, Vahid; Aljunid, Syed Mohamed; Almasi-Hashiani, Amir; Altirkawi, Khalid; Abdeldayem Amer, Yasser Sami; Andrei, Catalina Liliana; Ansari-Moghaddam, Alireza; T Antonio, Carl Abelardo; Anvari, Davood; Yaw Appiah, Seth Christopher; Arabloo, Jalal; Arab-Zozani, Morteza; Arefi, Zohreh; Aremu, Olatunde; Ariani, Filippo; Arora, Amit; Asaad, Malke; Ayala Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina; Ayano, Getinet; Ayanore, Martin Amogre; Azarian, Ghasem; Badawi, Alaa; Baig, Atif Amin; Bairwa, Mohan; Bakhtiari, Ahad; Balachandran, Arun; Banach, Maciej; Banik, Palash Chandra; Barker-Collo, Suzanne Lyn; Bärnighausen, Till Winfried; Barzegar, Akbar; Bayati, Mohsen; Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad; Bedi, Neeraj; Behzadifar, Masoud; Belete, Habte; Berhe, Kidanemaryam; Bhagavathula, Akshaya Srikanth; Bhardwaj, Pankaj; Bhat, Anusha Ganapati; Bhattacharyya, Krittika; Bibi, Sadia; Bijani, Ali; Boloor, Archith; Borges, Guilherme; Borschmann, Rohan; Borzì, Antonio Maria; Boufous, Soufiane; Braithwaite, Dejana; Briko, Nikolay Ivanovich; Brugha, Traolach; Car, Josip; Cárdenas, Rosario; Carvalho, Félix; Castaldelli-Maia, João Mauricio; Castelpietra, Giulio; Soyiri, Ireneous N

Authors

Ghasem Azarian

Krittika Bhattacharyya

Shyam S. Budhathoki

Carlos A. Castañeda-Orjuela

Kidanemaryam Berhe

Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula

Pankaj Bhardwaj

Anusha Ganapati Bhat

Sadia Bibi

Isabela M. Bensenor

Ali Bijani

Archith Boloor

Guilherme Borges

Rohan Borschmann

Antonio Maria Borzì

Soufiane Boufous

Dejana Braithwaite

Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

Derrick A. Bennett

Traolach Brugha

Nathaniel J. Henry

Chris D. Castle

Zachary V. Dingels

Jack T. Fox

Erin B. Hamilton

Nicholas L.S. Roberts

Dillon O. Sylte

Kate E. LeGrand

Srikanta K. Banerjee

Abdelrahman I. Abushouk

Oladimeji M. Adebayo

Jose C. Adsuar

Shailesh M. Advani

Suliman A. Alghnam

Nihad A. Almasri

Ashish D. Badiye

Nikolay Ivanovich Briko

Josip Car

Spencer L. James

Morteza Arab-Zozani

Catalina Liliana Andrei

Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam

Carl Abelardo T Antonio

Davood Anvari

Seth Christopher Yaw Appiah

Jalal Arabloo

Zohreh Arefi

Masoud Behzadifar

Olatunde Aremu

Filippo Ariani

Amit Arora

Malke Asaad

Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla

Getinet Ayano

Martin Amogre Ayanore

Habte Belete

Neeraj Bedi

Rosario Cárdenas

Ahad Bakhtiari

Félix Carvalho

João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia

Giulio Castelpietra

Alaa Badawi

Atif Amin Baig

Mohan Bairwa

Arun Balachandran

Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi

Maciej Banach

Palash Chandra Banik

Amrit Banstola

Suzanne Lyn Barker-Collo

Till Winfried Bärnighausen

Akbar Barzegar

Mohsen Bayati

Gregory J. Bertolacci

Zichen Liu

Matthew Cunningham

Ahmed Abdelalim

Ibrahim Abdollahpour

Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader

Aidin Abedi

Kedir Hussein Abegaz

Akine Eshete Abosetugn

Marcela Agudelo-Botero

Tauseef Ahmad

Muktar Beshir Ahmed

Rushdia Ahmed

Miloud Taki Eddine Aichour

Fares Alahdab

Fahad Mashhour Alanezi

Niguse Meles Alema

Biresaw Wassihun Alemu

Beriwan Abdulqadir Ali

Saqib Ali

Cyrus Alinia

Vahid Alipour

Syed Mohamed Aljunid

Amir Almasi-Hashiani

Khalid Altirkawi

Yasser Sami Abdeldayem Amer

Catalina Liliana Andrei

Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam

Carl Abelardo T Antonio

Davood Anvari

Seth Christopher Yaw Appiah

Jalal Arabloo

Morteza Arab-Zozani

Zohreh Arefi

Olatunde Aremu

Filippo Ariani

Amit Arora

Malke Asaad

Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla

Getinet Ayano

Martin Amogre Ayanore

Ghasem Azarian

Alaa Badawi

Atif Amin Baig

Mohan Bairwa

Ahad Bakhtiari

Arun Balachandran

Maciej Banach

Palash Chandra Banik

Suzanne Lyn Barker-Collo

Till Winfried Bärnighausen

Akbar Barzegar

Mohsen Bayati

Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi

Neeraj Bedi

Masoud Behzadifar

Habte Belete

Kidanemaryam Berhe

Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula

Pankaj Bhardwaj

Anusha Ganapati Bhat

Krittika Bhattacharyya

Sadia Bibi

Ali Bijani

Archith Boloor

Guilherme Borges

Rohan Borschmann

Antonio Maria Borzì

Soufiane Boufous

Dejana Braithwaite

Nikolay Ivanovich Briko

Traolach Brugha

Josip Car

Rosario Cárdenas

Félix Carvalho

João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia

Giulio Castelpietra



Abstract

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ. BACKGROUND: While there is a long history of measuring death and disability from injuries, modern research methods must account for the wide spectrum of disability that can occur in an injury, and must provide estimates with sufficient demographic, geographical and temporal detail to be useful for policy makers. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2017 study used methods to provide highly detailed estimates of global injury burden that meet these criteria. METHODS: In this study, we report and discuss the methods used in GBD 2017 for injury morbidity and mortality burden estimation. In summary, these methods included estimating cause-specific mortality for every cause of injury, and then estimating incidence for every cause of injury. Non-fatal disability for each cause is then calculated based on the probabilities of suffering from different types of bodily injury experienced. RESULTS: GBD 2017 produced morbidity and mortality estimates for 38 causes of injury. Estimates were produced in terms of incidence, prevalence, years lived with disability, cause-specific mortality, years of life lost and disability-adjusted life-years for a 28-year period for 22 age groups, 195 countries and both sexes. CONCLUSIONS: GBD 2017 demonstrated a complex and sophisticated series of analytical steps using the largest known database of morbidity and mortality data on injuries. GBD 2017 results should be used to help inform injury prevention policy making and resource allocation. We also identify important avenues for improving injury burden estimation in the future.

Citation

James, S. L., Bertolacci, G. J., Castle, C. D., Dingels, Z. V., Fox, J. T., Hamilton, E. B., …Vos, T. (2020). Estimating global injuries morbidity and mortality: methods and data used in the Global Burden of Disease 2017 study. Injury Prevention, 26, i125-i153. https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2019-043531

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 6, 2019
Online Publication Date Aug 24, 2020
Publication Date Oct 1, 2020
Deposit Date Sep 8, 2020
Publicly Available Date Sep 10, 2020
Journal Injury prevention
Print ISSN 1353-8047
Electronic ISSN 1475-5785
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 26
Pages i125-i153
DOI https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2019-043531
Keywords Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/3584516
Publisher URL https://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/early/2020/08/24/injuryprev-2019-043531

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