Recovery of oil from palm oil mill effluent using polypropylene micro/nanofiber
Semilin, Veroneka; Janaun, Jidon; Chung, Chin Hing; Touhami, Dalila; Haywood, Stephanie K.; Chong, Khim Phin; Yaser, Abu Zahrim; Zein, Sharif H.
Chin Hing Chung
Stephanie K. Haywood
Khim Phin Chong
Abu Zahrim Yaser
Dr Sharif Zein S.H.Zein@hull.ac.uk
Residual palm oil that goes into the river untreated can become detrimental to the environment. Residual oil discharge during milling process into palm oil mill effluent (POME) is unavoidable. About 1 wt% of residual oil in POME causes major problems to the mills, in terms of environment, wastewater treatment and economy losses. This paper reports the recovery of residual oil from POME by adsorption on polypropylene micro/nanofiber (PP-MNF) and desorption of oil by hands pressing, and oil extraction from the PP-MNF using solvent and supercritical-CO2 extraction techniques. The characterization of the PP-MNF and the quality of oil extracted were analyzed using analytical instruments. The reusability of the PP-MNF was also investigated. The experimental results showed the adsorption capacity of the PP-MNF was 28.65 g of oil/g of PP-MNF on average using refined palm oil, whilst recovery of oil from POME was 10.93 g of oil/g of PP-MNF. The extraction yield of oil from PP-MNF using hand pressing was 89.62%. The extraction of residual oil from the pressed PP-MNF showed comparable yield between solvent and supercritical CO2 techniques. The quality of recovered oil was similar with the quality of the crude oil, and no trace of polypropylene contamination was detected in the oil recovered. The PP-MNF showed no significant physical change after the extraction process. In conclusion, the PP-MNF has great potential to be used commercially in residual oil recovery from POME.
Semilin, V., Janaun, J., Chung, C. H., Touhami, D., Haywood, S. K., Chong, K. P., …Zein, S. H. (2021). Recovery of oil from palm oil mill effluent using polypropylene micro/nanofiber. Journal of hazardous materials, 404, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.124144
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Sep 28, 2020|
|Online Publication Date||Oct 3, 2020|
|Publication Date||Feb 15, 2021|
|Deposit Date||Dec 14, 2020|
|Publicly Available Date||Oct 4, 2021|
|Journal||Journal of Hazardous Materials|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Hydrophobic; Oil recovery; Oleophilic; Micro/Nanofiber; POME; Polypropylene|
This file is under embargo until Oct 4, 2021 due to copyright reasons.
Contact S.H.Zein@hull.ac.uk to request a copy for personal use.
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