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Foams of vegetable oils containing long-chain triglycerides

Liu, Yu; Binks, Bernard P.

Authors

Yu Liu



Abstract

© 2020 Elsevier Inc. Hypothesis: Can vegetable oils containing long-chain triglycerides be aerated to yield stable oil foams? This is based on the idea that cooling of vegetable oil results in the formation of crystals of certain triglyceride chain lengths and composition dispersed in liquid oil of other chain lengths and composition. Do such oleogels allow the formation of oil foams stabilised by adsorbed crystals? Experiments: Using two vegetable oils, the temperatures for crystal formation are determined. Crystal dispersions were characterised using rheology and optical microscopy. Oleogels were aerated using a double beater and the effects of temperature and aeration time were investigated. The stability and microstructure of the oil foams were studied visually and using microscopy. A stable oil foam was progressively destabilised on heating. Findings: Upon cooling/warming vegetable oils, crystals of high melting triglyceride form in a low melting liquid oil - an oleogel. Such oleogels can be whipped to fabricate oil foams stabilised by fat crystals. Optimum foaming yields an over-run of ~ 40% for peanut oil and ~ 110% for olive oil. Oil foams which do not exhibit drainage, coarsening or coalescence result. We show that high melting triglyceride crystals possess a higher fraction of saturated fatty acids than the original oil. Ultra-stable oil foams can be rendered unstable by heating upon approaching the melting point of the crystals.

Citation

Liu, Y., & Binks, B. P. (2021). Foams of vegetable oils containing long-chain triglycerides. Journal of colloid and interface science, 583, 522-534. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2020.09.043

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 12, 2020
Online Publication Date Sep 23, 2020
Publication Date Feb 1, 2021
Deposit Date Dec 2, 2020
Publicly Available Date Sep 24, 2021
Journal Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Print ISSN 0021-9797
Electronic ISSN 1095-7103
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 583
Pages 522-534
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2020.09.043
Keywords Long-chain triglycerides; Crystals; Vegetable oil foam; Ultra-stable;Thermo-responsive
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/3643933
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0021979720312224?via%3Dihub

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