Foams of vegetable oils containing long-chain triglycerides
Liu, Yu; Binks, Bernard P.
Professor Bernard P Binks B.P.Binks@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Physical Chemistry
© 2020 Elsevier Inc. Hypothesis: Can vegetable oils containing long-chain triglycerides be aerated to yield stable oil foams? This is based on the idea that cooling of vegetable oil results in the formation of crystals of certain triglyceride chain lengths and composition dispersed in liquid oil of other chain lengths and composition. Do such oleogels allow the formation of oil foams stabilised by adsorbed crystals? Experiments: Using two vegetable oils, the temperatures for crystal formation are determined. Crystal dispersions were characterised using rheology and optical microscopy. Oleogels were aerated using a double beater and the effects of temperature and aeration time were investigated. The stability and microstructure of the oil foams were studied visually and using microscopy. A stable oil foam was progressively destabilised on heating. Findings: Upon cooling/warming vegetable oils, crystals of high melting triglyceride form in a low melting liquid oil - an oleogel. Such oleogels can be whipped to fabricate oil foams stabilised by fat crystals. Optimum foaming yields an over-run of ~ 40% for peanut oil and ~ 110% for olive oil. Oil foams which do not exhibit drainage, coarsening or coalescence result. We show that high melting triglyceride crystals possess a higher fraction of saturated fatty acids than the original oil. Ultra-stable oil foams can be rendered unstable by heating upon approaching the melting point of the crystals.
Liu, Y., & Binks, B. P. (2021). Foams of vegetable oils containing long-chain triglycerides. Journal of colloid and interface science, 583, 522-534. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2020.09.043
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Sep 12, 2020|
|Online Publication Date||Sep 23, 2020|
|Publication Date||Feb 1, 2021|
|Deposit Date||Dec 2, 2020|
|Publicly Available Date||Sep 24, 2021|
|Journal||Journal of Colloid and Interface Science|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Long-chain triglycerides; Crystals; Vegetable oil foam; Ultra-stable;Thermo-responsive|
Publisher Licence URL
©2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
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