Governing with multiple policy instrument types?
Moore, Brendan; Benson, David; Jordan, Andrew; Wurzel, Rüdiger K W; Zito, Anthony
Professor Rudi Wurzel R.K.Wurzel@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Comparative European Politics and Jean Monnet Chair in European Union Studies.
The EU’s role in determining the overall goals of environmental policy is widely known and well understood. However, its role in determining the choice and use of implementing instruments at EU and national levels is not as well understood. Despite considerable discussion about the merits of ‘new’ instruments, this chapter finds that EU environmental policy is still mainly pursued via regulatory means. There have been circumstances in which the EU has actively explored and even adopted non-regulatory instruments, but they have only appeared very infrequently over the past 50 years. Indeed, policy makers are more likely to ‘govern by multiple instruments’ at the national level than at EU level, which raises new challenges in relation to political demands for greater packaging or ‘smart mixing’ of different instruments. For various reasons, regulation will remain the preferred instrument at EU level for the foreseeable future.
Moore, B., Benson, D., Jordan, A., Wurzel, R. K. W., & Zito, A. (2021). Governing with multiple policy instrument types?. In A. Jordan, & V. Gravey (Eds.), Environmental Policy in the EU Actors, Institutions and Processes. (4th). Abingdon: Routledge
|Acceptance Date||Nov 26, 2020|
|Online Publication Date||May 6, 2021|
|Publication Date||May 7, 2021|
|Deposit Date||Dec 23, 2020|
|Publicly Available Date||Nov 7, 2022|
|Book Title||Environmental Policy in the EU Actors, Institutions and Processes|
|Keywords||Environmental policy, policy instruments, instrument mixes, EU, Member States|
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