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Overview of biomass conversion to biofuels

Cheah, Kin Wai; Taylor, Martin J.; Evans, Geraint; Samson, Abby; Skoulou, Vasiliki


Kin Wai Cheah

Geraint Evans

Abby Samson

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Dr Vicky Skoulou
Graduate Research Director (GRD) of School of Engineering ; Senior Lecturer (Assoc. Prof.) in Chemical Engineering-Bioenergy ; PI of the B3: Biomass Waste- BioenergH2- Biochars Challenge Group of PGRs and PDRAs


Suzana Yusup

Nor Adilla Rashidi


This chapter introduces the main biomass conversion routes to biofuels currently available in industry. It begins with a general comparison between first- and second-generation lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks, and the lessons learned by utilizing each of these, future trends, and necessary pretreatments are also described. The theoretical operation of catalytic, biochemical, thermochemical processes, and their integration for solid, liquid, and gaseous biofuels production are discussed. Some of the most relevant emissions, operational control problems, and viable waste streams for upgrading are reported. Furthermore, a comprehensive in-depth discussion is included from the upstream pretreatments to downstream emissions control for sustainable biofuels production and utilization at an industrial scale. This includes the effect of biomass quality, pretreatments, thermochemical and biochemical processes, tar conditioning/reforming, and biofuels characteristics for efficient, economic, and environmental friendly production of low carbon biofuels.


Cheah, K. W., Taylor, M. J., Evans, G., Samson, A., & Skoulou, V. (2022). Overview of biomass conversion to biofuels. In S. Yusup, & N. A. Rashidi (Eds.), Value chain of Biofuels (1-48). Elsevier.

Online Publication Date Nov 12, 2021
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date Jun 18, 2021
Publisher Elsevier
Pages 1-48
Edition 1st
Book Title Value chain of Biofuels
Chapter Number 1
ISBN 9780128243886
Keywords Lignocellulosic biomass waste; Pre-treatment; Pyrolysis; Gasification; Anaerobic digestion; Biofuels; Emissions control; Low carbon energy generation; Operational problem solving; Catalytic upgrading
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