Alicia L J Burns
Consistency of leadership in shoals of mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) in novel and in familiar environments
Burns, Alicia L J; Ward, Ashley J W; Burns, Alicia L. J.; Herbert-Read, James E.; Morrell, Lesley J.; Ward, Ashley J. W.
Ashley J W Ward
Alicia L. J. Burns
James E. Herbert-Read
Professor Lesley Morrell L.Morrell@hull.ac.uk
Associate Dean, Education (Faculty of Science and Engineering)
Ashley J. W. Ward
In social animal groups, an individual's spatial position is a major determinant of both predation risk and foraging rewards. Additionally, the occupation of positions in the front of moving groups is generally assumed to correlate with the initiation of group movements. However, whether some individuals are predisposed to consistently occupy certain positions and, in some instances, to consistently lead groups over time is as yet unresolved in many species. Using the mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki), we examined the consistency of individuals' spatial positions within a moving group over successive trials. We found that certain individuals consistently occupied front positions in moving groups and also that it was typically these individuals that initiated group decisions. The number of individuals involved in leading the group varied according to the amount of information held by group members, with a greater number of changes in leadership in a novel compared to a relatively familiar environment. Finally, our results show that the occupation of lead positions in moving groups was not explained by characteristics such as dominance, size or sex, suggesting that certain individuals are predisposed to leadership roles. This suggests that being a leader or a follower may to some extent be an intrinsic property of the individual.
Burns, A. L. J., Herbert-Read, J. E., Morrell, L. J., & Ward, A. J. W. (2012). Consistency of leadership in shoals of mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) in novel and in familiar environments. PLoS ONE, 7(5), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036567
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Apr 10, 2012|
|Online Publication Date||May 8, 2012|
|Publication Date||May 8, 2012|
|Deposit Date||Apr 13, 2015|
|Publicly Available Date||Oct 27, 2022|
|Publisher||Public Library of Science|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Article Number||ARTN e36567|
|Keywords||Animal behaviour, Fishes, Decision making, Freshwater fish, Animal sociality, Predation, Baboons, Foraging|
|Additional Information||Copy of article first published in PLoS ONE, 2012, v.7, issue 5|
Publisher Licence URL
© 2012 Burns et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
You might also like
Consequences of variation in predator attack for the evolution of the selfish herd
Prey body size mediates the predation risk associated with being "odd"
Interactive lectures: Clickers or personal devices? [version 1; peer review: 2 approved]
Predation risk shapes social networks in fission-fusion populations
Balancing the dilution and oddity effects: Decisions depend on body size