Sarah P. McGeown
What factors underlie children's susceptibility to semantic and phonological false memories? Investigating the roles of language skills and auditory short-term memory
McGeown, Sarah P.; Gray, Eleanor A.; Robinson, Jamey L.; Dewhurst, Stephen A.
Eleanor A. Gray
Jamey L. Robinson
Professor Stephen Dewhurst S.Dewhurst@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Cognitive Psychology
Two experiments investigated the cognitive skills that underlie children's susceptibility to semantic and phonological false memories in the Deese/Roediger-McDermott procedure (Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995). In Experiment 1, performance on the Verbal Similarities subtest of the British Ability Scales (BAS) II (Elliott, Smith, & McCulloch, 1997) predicted correct and false recall of semantic lures. In Experiment 2, performance on the Yopp-Singer Test of Phonemic Segmentation (Yopp, 1988) did not predict correct recall, but inversely predicted the false recall of phonological lures. Auditory short-term memory was a negative predictor of false recall in Experiment 1, but not in Experiment 2. The findings are discussed in terms of the formation of gist and verbatim traces as proposed by fuzzy trace theory (Reyna & Brainerd, 1998) and the increasing automaticity of associations as proposed by associative activation theory (Howe, Wimmer, Gagnon, & Plumpton, 2009). © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||McGeown, S. P., Gray, E. A., Robinson, J. L., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2014). What factors underlie children's susceptibility to semantic and phonological false memories? Investigating the roles of language skills and auditory short-term memory. Cognition, 131(3), 323-329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2014.02.005|
|Keywords||False memory development; Semantic DRM; Phonological DRM; Fuzzy trace theory; Associative activation theory|
|Copyright Statement||©2015 University of Hull|
|Additional Information||Author's accepted manuscript of article published in: Cognition, 2014, v.131, issue 3|
©2015 University of Hull
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