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What factors underlie children's susceptibility to semantic and phonological false memories? Investigating the roles of language skills and auditory short-term memory

McGeown, Sarah P.; Gray, Eleanor A.; Robinson, Jamey L.; Dewhurst, Stephen A.

Authors

Sarah P. McGeown

Eleanor A. Gray

Jamey L. Robinson

Abstract

Two experiments investigated the cognitive skills that underlie children's susceptibility to semantic and phonological false memories in the Deese/Roediger-McDermott procedure (Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995). In Experiment 1, performance on the Verbal Similarities subtest of the British Ability Scales (BAS) II (Elliott, Smith, & McCulloch, 1997) predicted correct and false recall of semantic lures. In Experiment 2, performance on the Yopp-Singer Test of Phonemic Segmentation (Yopp, 1988) did not predict correct recall, but inversely predicted the false recall of phonological lures. Auditory short-term memory was a negative predictor of false recall in Experiment 1, but not in Experiment 2. The findings are discussed in terms of the formation of gist and verbatim traces as proposed by fuzzy trace theory (Reyna & Brainerd, 1998) and the increasing automaticity of associations as proposed by associative activation theory (Howe, Wimmer, Gagnon, & Plumpton, 2009). © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Publication Date 2014-06
Journal Cognition
Print ISSN 0010-0277
Electronic ISSN 1873-7838
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 131
Issue 3
Pages 323-329
Institution Citation McGeown, S. P., Gray, E. A., Robinson, J. L., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2014). What factors underlie children's susceptibility to semantic and phonological false memories? Investigating the roles of language skills and auditory short-term memory. Cognition, 131(3), 323-329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2014.02.005
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2014.02.005
Keywords False memory development; Semantic DRM; Phonological DRM; Fuzzy trace theory; Associative activation theory
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010027714000304
Copyright Statement ©2015 University of Hull
Additional Information Author's accepted manuscript of article published in: Cognition, 2014, v.131, issue 3

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