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Coach perceptions of performance enhancement in adolescence: The sport drug control model for adolescent athletes

Nicholls, Adam R.; Perry, John L.; Thompson, Mark A.; Baghurst, Timothy; Jones, Leigh; Levy, Andrew R.; Meir, Rudi; Sanctuary, Colin

Authors

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Professor Adam Nicholls A.Nicholls@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Psychology and Coaching/ Leader of the Sport Psychology and Coaching Group

John L. Perry

Timothy Baghurst

Leigh Jones

Andrew R. Levy

Rudi Meir

Colin Sanctuary

Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Aim: We qualitatively explored the Sport Drug Control Model (SDCM; Donovan, Eggar, Kapernick, & Mendoza, 2002), in order to examine coaches' perceptions of adolescent athletes' attitudes and susceptibility towards doping. Methods: Eleven coaches (M= 10) from four countries, who worked in seven different sports (athletics, basketball, kayaking, racquetball, rowing, rugby league, and rugby union) were recruited to take part in semi-structured interviews. Transcribed interviews were analysed via a three-stage inductive and deductive coding process, which allowed us to identify common themes among the participants. Results: The coaches believed that adolescents' attitudes towards doping were influenced by percep tions of threat and benefit appraisals, morality, self-esteem, legitimacy, and reference group opinion. We also identified additional factors, which included age/maturation, sport level, pressure, country of residence, and ethnicity. Conclusions: Our findings provide qualitative support for the SDCM, but also offer fresh insight into some of the nuances specific to adolescent athletes from different countries and cultures. Further research is required to test our proposed model with larger samples of adolescent athletes.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2014-06
Journal Performance enhancement & health
Print ISSN 2211-2669
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 3
Issue 2
Pages 93-101
Institution Citation Nicholls, A. R., Perry, J. L., Thompson, M. A., Baghurst, T., Jones, L., Levy, A. R., …Sanctuary, C. (2014). Coach perceptions of performance enhancement in adolescence: The sport drug control model for adolescent athletes. Performance enhancement & health, 3(2), 93-101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.peh.2015.07.001
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.peh.2015.07.001
Keywords Attitudes, Coaches, Doping, Performance enhancing drugs, Youth
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211266915000481
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Coach perceptions of performance enhancement in adolescence: The sport drug control model for adolescent athletes; Journal Title: Performance Enhancement & Health; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.peh.2015.07.001; Content Type: article; Copyright: Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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© 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/




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