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Longitudinal kinematic and kinetic adaptations to obstacle crossing in recent lower limb amputees

Barnett, Cleveland Thomas; Polman, Remco C. J.; Vanicek, Natalie

Authors

Cleveland T Barnett

Remco CJ Polman

Cleveland Thomas Barnett

Remco C J Polman

Cleveland T. Barnett

Remco C. J. Polman

Abstract

Background: Obstacle crossing is an important activity of daily living, necessary to avoid tripping or falling, although it is not fully understood how transtibial amputees adapt to performing this activity of daily living following discharge from rehabilitation. Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the longitudinal adaptations in obstacle crossing in transtibial amputees post-discharge from rehabilitation. Study design: Longitudinal repeated measures. Methods: Seven unilateral transtibial amputees crossed an obstacle 0.1m high positioned along a walkway while kinematic and kinetic data were recorded at 1, 3 and 6 months post-discharge. Results: At 6 months post-discharge, walking velocity had increased (0.17 m.s⁻¹) with most participants self-selecting an intact lead limb preference. During swing phase, peak knee flexion (p = 0.03) and peak knee power absorption (K4; p = 0.01) were greater with an intact versus affected lead limb preference. Having crossed the obstacle, intact limb peak ankle power generation in pre-swing (A2; p = 0.01) and knee power absorption (K3; p = 0.05) during stance phase were greater when compared to the affected limb. Conclusions: Obstacle crossing improved, although a greater reliance on intact limb function was highlighted. Results suggested that further improvements to locomotor performance may be obtained by increasing affected limb knee range of motion and concentric and eccentric strength of the knee extensors and flexors. Clinical relevance The novel objective data from this study establish an understanding of how recent transtibial amputees adapt to performing obstacle crossing following discharge from rehabilitation. This allows for evidence-based clinical interventions to be developed, aimed at optimising biomechanical function, thus improving overall locomotor performance and perhaps subsequent quality of life

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2014-12
Journal Prosthetics and orthotics International
Print ISSN 0309-3646
Electronic ISSN 1746-1553
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 38
Issue 6
Pages 437-446
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/0309364613506249
Keywords Obstacle crossing, Adaptation, Transtibial, Amputee, Rehabilitation
Publisher URL http://poi.sagepub.com/content/38/6/437.abstract
Additional Information Author's accepted manuscript of article published in: Prosthetics and orthotics international, 2014, v.38, issue 6

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