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Decorating BODIPY with electron-withdrawing NO group: spectroelectrochemical consequences and computational investigation

Silva, Thaissa Lucio; Nascimento, Tamires Alves do; Almeida, Andresa K. A. de; Melo, Shaiani M. G.; Silva, Julio C. S. Da; Xavier, Jadriane Almeida; Xavier, André Felipe de Almeida; Santos, Danyelle Cândido; Wadhawan, Jay; Emery, Flavio S.; Goulart, Marilia O.F.

Authors

Thaissa Lucio Silva

Tamires Alves do Nascimento

Andresa K. A. de Almeida

Shaiani M. G. Melo

Julio C. S. Da Silva

Jadriane Almeida Xavier

André Felipe de Almeida Xavier

Danyelle Cândido Santos

Flavio S. Emery

Marilia O.F. Goulart



Abstract

4,4-difluoro-5,7-dimethyl-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene (BODIPY) and derivatives are an outstanding class of fluorescent dyes. Herein, we report on the introduction of a nitrosyl moiety into the BODIPY structure and its dramatic effect on the observed electrochemical reaction mechanism. 6-Nitrosyl-8-phenyl-BODIPY and its 5-nitrosyl positional isomer, compounds 2 and 3, respectively, were obtained from the meso precursor, 8-phenyl-BODIPY (1), by nitrosation. Electrochemical studies for 1–3 are reported. Cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry in degassed DMF or in MeCN (reduction+oxidation), both with n-Bu4NPF6 (0.1 mol L−1), were obtained. Compound 1 displays the usual behaviour for 8-phenyl substituted BODIPYs. The addition of the acceptor nitroso group in compounds 2 (in position β) and 3 (in position α), leads to a different profile. For all the compounds, the nitroso group greatly facilitates the reductions. For compound 3 (EpIc=−0.238 V), the first to be reduced is the nitroso group, due to the stability of the electrogenerated radical anion, along with non-bonding interactions with the electronegative boron difluoride. This is different from compound 2 (EpIc=−0.351 V) with a β-nitroso group, where the nitroso-based facilitated reduction occurs in the substituted BODIPY core. Spectroelectrochemistry coupled with analysis through conceptual density functional theory (CDFT) corroborate the voltammetric results and explain the unexpected reactivity differences.

Citation

Silva, T. L., Nascimento, T. A. D., Almeida, A. K. . A. . D., Melo, S. M. . G., Silva, J. C. . S. . D., Xavier, J. A., …Goulart, M. O. (2021). Decorating BODIPY with electron-withdrawing NO group: spectroelectrochemical consequences and computational investigation. ChemElectroChem, 8(15), 2921-2934. https://doi.org/10.1002/celc.202100609

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 13, 2021
Online Publication Date Jul 18, 2021
Publication Date Aug 2, 2021
Deposit Date Jul 13, 2021
Publicly Available Date Jul 19, 2022
Journal ChemElectroChem
Electronic ISSN 2196-0216
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 8
Issue 15
Pages 2921-2934
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/celc.202100609
Keywords Electroreduction; Electrooxidation; Substituent effects; Electrodic mechanisms; Weak interactions
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/3803888