Thaissa Lucio Silva
Decorating BODIPY with electron-withdrawing NO group: spectroelectrochemical consequences and computational investigation
Silva, Thaissa Lucio; Nascimento, Tamires Alves do; Almeida, Andresa K. A. de; Melo, Shaiani M. G.; Silva, Julio C. S. Da; Xavier, Jadriane Almeida; Xavier, André Felipe de Almeida; Santos, Danyelle Cândido; Wadhawan, Jay; Emery, Flavio S.; Goulart, Marilia O.F.
Tamires Alves do Nascimento
Andresa K. A. de Almeida
Shaiani M. G. Melo
Julio C. S. Da Silva
Jadriane Almeida Xavier
André Felipe de Almeida Xavier
Danyelle Cândido Santos
Professor Jay Wadhawan J.Wadhawan@hull.ac.uk
Flavio S. Emery
Marilia O.F. Goulart
4,4-difluoro-5,7-dimethyl-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene (BODIPY) and derivatives are an outstanding class of fluorescent dyes. Herein, we report on the introduction of a nitrosyl moiety into the BODIPY structure and its dramatic effect on the observed electrochemical reaction mechanism. 6-Nitrosyl-8-phenyl-BODIPY and its 5-nitrosyl positional isomer, compounds 2 and 3, respectively, were obtained from the meso precursor, 8-phenyl-BODIPY (1), by nitrosation. Electrochemical studies for 1–3 are reported. Cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry in degassed DMF or in MeCN (reduction+oxidation), both with n-Bu4NPF6 (0.1 mol L−1), were obtained. Compound 1 displays the usual behaviour for 8-phenyl substituted BODIPYs. The addition of the acceptor nitroso group in compounds 2 (in position β) and 3 (in position α), leads to a different profile. For all the compounds, the nitroso group greatly facilitates the reductions. For compound 3 (EpIc=−0.238 V), the first to be reduced is the nitroso group, due to the stability of the electrogenerated radical anion, along with non-bonding interactions with the electronegative boron difluoride. This is different from compound 2 (EpIc=−0.351 V) with a β-nitroso group, where the nitroso-based facilitated reduction occurs in the substituted BODIPY core. Spectroelectrochemistry coupled with analysis through conceptual density functional theory (CDFT) corroborate the voltammetric results and explain the unexpected reactivity differences.
Silva, T. L., Nascimento, T. A. D., Almeida, A. K. . A. . D., Melo, S. M. . G., Silva, J. C. . S. . D., Xavier, J. A., …Goulart, M. O. (2021). Decorating BODIPY with electron-withdrawing NO group: spectroelectrochemical consequences and computational investigation. ChemElectroChem, 8(15), 2921-2934. https://doi.org/10.1002/celc.202100609
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Jul 13, 2021|
|Online Publication Date||Jul 18, 2021|
|Publication Date||Aug 2, 2021|
|Deposit Date||Jul 13, 2021|
|Publicly Available Date||Jul 19, 2022|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Electroreduction; Electrooxidation; Substituent effects; Electrodic mechanisms; Weak interactions|
This file is under embargo until Jul 19, 2022 due to copyright reasons.
Contact J.Wadhawan@hull.ac.uk to request a copy for personal use.
You might also like
Electrochemical immunoassay for the detection of stress biomarkers