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Sources of sport confidence, imagery type and performance among competitive athletes: The mediating role of sports confidence

Levy, A. R.; Perry, J.; Nicholls, A. R.; Larkin, D.; Davies, J.


A. R. Levy

J. Perry

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Professor Adam Nicholls
Professor of Psychology/ Leader of the Sport Psychology and Coaching Group

D. Larkin

J. Davies


Aim: This study explored the mediating role of sport confidence upon (1) sources of sport confidence-performance relationship and (2) imagery-performance relationship. Methods: Participants were 157 competitive athletes who completed state measures of confidence level/sources, imagery type and performance within one hour after competition. Results: Among the current sample, confirmatory factor analysis revealed appropriate support for the nine-factor SSCQ and the five-factor SIQ. Mediational analysis revealed that sport confidence had a mediating influence upon the achievement source of confidence-performance relationship. In addition, both cognitive and motivational imagery types were found to be important sources of confidence, as sport confidence mediated imagery type-performance relationship. Conclusion: Findings indicated that athletes who construed confidence from their own achievements and report multiple images on a more frequent basis are likely to benefit from enhanced levels of state sport confidence and subsequent performance.


Levy, A. R., Perry, J., Nicholls, A. R., Larkin, D., & Davies, J. (2015). Sources of sport confidence, imagery type and performance among competitive athletes: The mediating role of sports confidence. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 55(7-8), 835-844

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2015-07
Deposit Date Feb 29, 2016
Publicly Available Date Oct 27, 2022
Journal Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Print ISSN 0022-4707
Electronic ISSN 1827-1928
Publisher Edizioni Minerva Medica
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 55
Issue 7-8
Pages 835-844
Keywords Confidence, Imagery, Athletic
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Authors' accepted manuscript of article published in: Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, v.55, issue 7-8


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