Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Empowering clean water whilst safeguarding water distribution pipeline integrity: Towards manganese- and iron-free lime hydrate for water treatment

Wadhawan, Jay D.; Kocsis, Dávid; Meyer, Chris; Ward, Rhys; Thompson, Michael; Prior, Timothy J.; Kelly, Stephen M.; Lawrence, Nathan

Authors

Dávid Kocsis

Chris Meyer

Rhys Ward

Michael Thompson

Profile Image

Dr Tim Prior T.Prior@hull.ac.uk
Senior Lecturer in Inorganic Chemistry

Stephen M. Kelly

Nathan Lawrence



Abstract

Hydrated limes are amongst the most economically valuable alkalis used by the water industry for the treatment of potable water. They are typically manufactured from the thermal decomposition of high purity limestones. However, the latter contain both manganese and iron impurities, which are transformed into the oxides Mn3O4 and Fe2O3 on burning in kilns (between 900-1100 °C) during the manufacture of lime, and are retained in the lime hydrate upon slaking. These impurities can be released through oxidation by conventional water disinfection chemicals (such as alkaline hypochlorite) during the use of lime hydrate as the alkaline pH modifier during conventional operations in water treatment works. This work investigates the redox mechanisms for manganese and iron removal from lime hydrate using alkaline hypochlorite: for manganese, interfacial electron transfer occurs first leading to dissolution as permanganate; in the case of iron impurities, solubility is encouraged in oxygenated solutions first through formation of solid ferrite, with oxidative dissolution of ferrite to ferrate. As expected for activation-controlled reactions, the oxidative dissolution is enhanced with increased temperatures; mapping the dissolution process with time allows for the unravelling of "rule-of-thumb"relationships for impurity removal of ~1/41% min-1 for manganese and ~1/43% min-1 for iron at 90 °C in alkaline hypochlorite.

Citation

Wadhawan, J. D., Kocsis, D., Meyer, C., Ward, R., Thompson, M., Prior, T. J., Kelly, S. M., & Lawrence, N. (2023). Empowering clean water whilst safeguarding water distribution pipeline integrity: Towards manganese- and iron-free lime hydrate for water treatment. Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology, https://doi.org/10.1039/d2ew00109h

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 11, 2023
Online Publication Date Jan 12, 2023
Publication Date Jan 1, 2023
Deposit Date Jan 11, 2023
Publicly Available Date Jan 13, 2023
Journal Environmental Science: Water Research and Technology
Print ISSN 2053-1400
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
DOI https://doi.org/10.1039/d2ew00109h
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/4174967

Files





You might also like



Downloadable Citations