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Experimental investigation of a solar driven direct-expansion heat pump system employing the novel PV/micro-channels-evaporator modules

Qiu, Zhongzhu; Ma, Xiaoli; Zhao, Xudong; Zhou, Jinzhi; Du, Zhenyu; Ji, Jie; Yu, Min

Authors

Zhongzhu Qiu

Jinzhi Zhou

Zhenyu Du

Jie Ji

Min Yu



Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd This paper aims to investigate a solar driven direct-expansion heat pump system employing the novel PV/micro-channels-evaporator modules, in terms of its solar thermal, electrical and overall efficiency, as well as coefficient of performance (COP), at the real-time operational condition. This work was undertaken through a dedicated system design, construction, field-testing and performance analysis. It was found that the novel PV/micro-channel-evaporator modules could achieve an average thermal, electrical and overall efficiency of 56.6%, 15.4% and 69.7% respectively at the specified operational condition, while average COP of the system reached 4.7. The innovative feature of the system lied in the structure of the evaporator that was made of the parallel-laid micro-channels. Such a structure created the reduced interior cross-sectional area and thus increased vapor flow velocity within the channels, while the high vapor velocity generated a higher shear stress exerted upon the liquid-vapor interface, leading to the reduced liquid film thickness, increased refrigerant evaporation rate, and increased electrical and heat outputs. The research has provided the fundamental data and experience for developing a highly efficient and practically feasible solar heat pump system applicable to the cold climatic conditions, thus contributing to significant fossil fuel saving and carbon reduction in the global extent.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Sep 15, 2016
Journal Applied energy
Print ISSN 0306-2619
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 178
Pages 484-495
APA6 Citation Qiu, Z., Ma, X., Zhao, X., Zhou, J., Du, Z., Ji, J., & Yu, M. (2016). Experimental investigation of a solar driven direct-expansion heat pump system employing the novel PV/micro-channels-evaporator modules. Applied energy, 178, 484-495. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.06.063
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.06.063
Keywords General Energy; Mechanical Engineering; Civil and Structural Engineering; Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law; Building and Construction
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306261916308388
Additional Information This is a description of an article published in: Applied energy, 2016, v.178.
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