© 2017 The Authors. Immunity, Inflammation and Disease Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. INTRODUCTION: Fatty liver disease is prevalent in populations with high caloric intake. Nutritherapeutic approaches are being considered, such as supplementary Vitamin D 3 , to improve aspects of metabolic syndrome, namely fatty liver disease, hyperlipidemia, and insulin resistance associated with obesity. METHODS: We analyzed female LDLR -/- and LDLR +/+ mice on a 10-week diabetogenic diet for markers of fatty liver disease, metabolic strain, and inflammation. RESULTS: The groups on a high fat high sugar diet with supplementary Vitamin D 3 , in comparison with the groups on a high fat high sugar diet alone, showed improved transaminase levels, significantly less hypertriglyceridemia and hyperinsulinemia, and histologically, there was less pericentral hepatic steatosis. Levels of non-esterified fatty acids and lipid peroxidation products were significantly lower in the group supplemented with additional Vitamin D 3 , as were systemic markers of inflammation (serum endotoxin and IL-6). M2 macrophage phenotype predominated in the group supplemented with additional Vitamin D 3 . Beneficial changes were observed as early as five weeks’ supplementation with Vitamin D 3 and extended to restoration of high fat high sugar diet induced decrease of bone mineral density. CONCLUSION: In summary, Vitamin D 3 was a significantly beneficial dietary additive to blunt a prediabetic phenotype in diet-induced obesity of female LDLR -/- and LDLR +/+ mice.
Carroll, S., Hobkirk, J., Browning, M. J., Janus, J., Kheder, R., Saeed, Z., & Stover, C. (2017). Vitamin D3 supplementation of a high fat high sugar diet ameliorates prediabetic phenotype in female LDLR–/–and LDLR+/+mice. Immunity, Inflammation and Disease, 5(2), 151-154. https://doi.org/10.1002/iid3.154