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Independent influences of verbalization and race on the configural and featural processing of faces: A behavioral and eye movement study

Nakabayashi, Kazuyo; Lloyd-Jones, Toby J.; Butcher, Natalie; Liu, Chang Hong

Authors

Toby J. Lloyd-Jones

Natalie Butcher

Chang Hong Liu



Abstract

Describing a face in words can either hinder or help subsequent face recognition. Here, the authors examined the relationship between the benefit from verbally describing a series of faces and the same-race advantage (SRA) whereby people are better at recognizing unfamiliar faces from their own race as compared with those from other races. Verbalization and the SRA influenced face recognition independently, as evident on both behavioral (Experiment 1) and eye movement measures (Experiment 2). The findings indicate that verbalization and the SRA each recruit different types of configural processing, with verbalization modulating face learning and the SRA modulating both face learning and recognition. Eye movement patterns demonstrated greater feature sampling for describing as compared with not describing faces and for other-race as compared with same-race faces. In both cases, sampling of the eyes, nose, and mouth played a major role in performance. The findings support a single process account whereby verbalization can influence perceptual processing in a flexible and yet fundamental way through shifting one's processing orientation. © 2012 American Psychological Association.

Citation

Nakabayashi, K., Lloyd-Jones, T. J., Butcher, N., & Liu, C. H. (2012). Independent influences of verbalization and race on the configural and featural processing of faces: A behavioral and eye movement study. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 38(1), 61-77. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024853

Journal Article Type Article
Online Publication Date Aug 8, 2011
Publication Date Jan 1, 2012
Deposit Date Nov 13, 2014
Publicly Available Date Nov 23, 2017
Journal Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
Print ISSN 0278-7393
Electronic ISSN 0278-7393
Publisher American Psychological Association
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 38
Issue 1
Pages 61-77
DOI https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024853
Keywords Linguistics and Language; Experimental and Cognitive Psychology; Language and Linguistics
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/463879
Publisher URL http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search.displayrecord&uid=2011-17267-001
Additional Information "This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record."

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