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Emulsion stabilisation by complexes of oppositely charged synthetic polyelectrolytes

Bago Rodriguez, Ana Maria; Binks, Bernard P.; Sekine, Tomoko

Authors

Ana Maria Bago Rodriguez

Tomoko Sekine



Abstract

We investigate the possibility of stabilising oil-water emulsions from the polyelectrolyte complexes (PEC) obtained in mixtures of a strong cationic polyelectrolyte (poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride), PDADMAC) and a weak anionic one (poly(acrylic acid) sodium salt, PAANa). Unlike other previous work however, both polyelectrolytes (PEL) are chosen as they are completely water-soluble and possess no surface activity when present alone over nearly all the pH range. In water, the effects of PEL concentration, PEL mixing ratio and pH on the formation of PEC are studied in detail. At low pH where the anionic PEL is uncharged, complex coacervation occurs in which droplets rich in both polymers are dispersed in water. At intermediate pH, the PEC comprise a mixture of coacervate droplets and solid particles. At high pH where the anionic PEL is significantly charged, only complex coacervation is observed. On addition of dodecane followed by homogenisation, no stable emulsions arose from dispersions containing solid particle PEC due to either the large precursor particle aggregates or their inherent hydrophilicity. By contrast, oil-in-water emulsions stable to coalescence could be prepared from coacervate dispersions. We discuss the feasibility of the coacervate phase spreading at the oil-water interface in terms of the relevant spreading coefficients and compare the predictions with experiment for a range of oils. We encounter oils whose drops become engulfed by the coacervate phase as well as oils where no engulfing occurs.

Citation

Bago Rodriguez, A. M., Binks, B. P., & Sekine, T. (2018). Emulsion stabilisation by complexes of oppositely charged synthetic polyelectrolytes. Soft matter, 14(2), 239-254. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7sm01845b

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 4, 2017
Online Publication Date Dec 12, 2017
Publication Date Jan 1, 2018
Deposit Date Sep 18, 2018
Publicly Available Date Dec 13, 2018
Print ISSN 1744-683X
Electronic ISSN 1744-6848
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 14
Issue 2
Pages 239-254
DOI https://doi.org/10.1039/c7sm01845b
Keywords Polyelectrolyte coacervation emulsions
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/499603
Publisher URL http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2018/SM/C7SM01845B

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