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Pre-participation cardiac screening in young athletes: models and criteria

Ingle, Lee



This is the second of two review articles focusing on the value of preparticipation cardiac screening in young athletes. The article focuses on the efficacy of the resting 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), physical examination, and medical history questionnaire, which commonly make up the first stage of a cardiac screening protocol. The review then focuses on specific structural and electrical abnormalities which are responsible for sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young athletes – the most common of which is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The identification of appropriate ‘red flag’ signs and symptoms is essential for teasing out potential pathological conditions and allowing differentiation from often benign physiological adaptations. The final section provides guidance on how the resting 12-lead ECG can be used to separate pathological from physiological adaptations in young athletes.


Ingle, L. (2010). Pre-participation cardiac screening in young athletes: models and criteria. British journal of cardiac nursing, 5(9), 426-431.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 17, 2010
Online Publication Date Sep 27, 2013
Publication Date 2010-09
Deposit Date May 7, 2019
Print ISSN 1749-6403
Publisher Mark Allen Healthcare
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 5
Issue 9
Pages 426-431
Public URL
Publisher URL