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Abnormalities of the ventilatory equivalent for carbon dioxide in patients with chronic heart failure (2012)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Sloan, R., Carroll, S., Goode, K., Cleland, J. G., & Clark, A. L. (2012). Abnormalities of the ventilatory equivalent for carbon dioxide in patients with chronic heart failure. Pulmonary Medicine, 2012, 589164. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/589164

Introduction. The relation between minute ventilation (VE) and carbon dioxide production (VCO(2)) can be characterised by the instantaneous ratio of ventilation to carbon dioxide production, the ventilatory equivalent for CO(2) (VEqCO(2)). We hypothe... Read More

Cardiorespiratory fitness and heart rate recovery in obese premenopausal women (2012)
Journal Article
Carroll, S., Marshall, P., Ingle, L., & Borkoles, E. (2012). Cardiorespiratory fitness and heart rate recovery in obese premenopausal women. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 22(6), https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2012.01522.x

Post-exercise heart rate recovery (HRR) has been proposed as a measure of cardiac autonomic dysfunction in apparently healthy adults. We aimed to determine the effects of a lifestyle intervention on HRR among clinically obese premenopausal women. A r... Read More

Cardiorespiratory fitness and heart rate recovery in obese premenopausal women (2012)
Journal Article
Carroll, S., Marshall, P., Ingle, L., & Borkoles, E. (2012). Cardiorespiratory fitness and heart rate recovery in obese premenopausal women. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 22(6), e133-e139. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2012.01522.x

Post-exercise heart rate recovery (HRR) has been proposed as a measure of cardiac autonomic dysfunction in apparently healthy adults. We aimed to determine the effects of a lifestyle intervention on HRR among clinically obese premenopausal women. A r... Read More

Physical activity and cardiovascular mortality risk: possible protective mechanisms? (2012)
Journal Article
Hamer, M., Ingle, L., Carroll, S., & Stamatakis, E. (2012). Physical activity and cardiovascular mortality risk: possible protective mechanisms?. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44(1), 84-88. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0b013e3182251077

INTRODUCTION: The biological mechanisms through which increased physical activity or structured exercise training lowers the risk of recurrent cardiac events are incompletely understood. We examined the extent to which modification of primary risk ma... Read More

Influence of step length on 6-minute walk test performance in patients with chronic heart failure (2011)
Journal Article
Pepera, G. K., Sandercock, G. R., Sloan, R., Cleland, J. J., Ingle, L., & Clark, A. L. (2012). Influence of step length on 6-minute walk test performance in patients with chronic heart failure. Physiotherapy, 98(4), 325-329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physio.2011.08.005

Objective: To investigate the influence of gait parameters including step length and walking speed during performance of the 6-minute walking test (6MWT) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Design: Observational study. Setting: Specialist h... Read More

Differential Improvements in Lipid Profiles and Framingham Recurrent Risk Score in Patients With and Without Diabetes Mellitus Undergoing Long-Term Cardiac Rehabilitation (2011)
Journal Article
Carroll, S., Tsakirides, C., Hobkirk, J., Moxon, J. W. D., Dudfield, M., & Ingle, L. (2011). Differential Improvements in Lipid Profiles and Framingham Recurrent Risk Score in Patients With and Without Diabetes Mellitus Undergoing Long-Term Cardiac Rehabilitation. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 92(9), 1382-1387. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2011.04.013

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether lipid profiles and recurrent coronary heart disease (CHD) risk could be modified in patients with and without diabetes mellitus undergoing long-term cardiac rehabilitation (CR). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of patien... Read More

Benefit of adding lifestyle-related risk factors for prediction of cardiovascular death among cardiac patients (2011)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Carroll, S., Stamatakis, E., & Hamer, M. (2013). Benefit of adding lifestyle-related risk factors for prediction of cardiovascular death among cardiac patients. International journal of cardiology, 163(2), 196-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2011.06.001

Objective: The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of the addition of lifestyle related variables to the existing Framingham risk score (FRS) for predicting cardiovascular death in patients with pre-existing cardiovascular disease (CVD). De... Read More

Benefit of adding lifestyle-related risk factors for prediction of cardiovascular death among cardiac patients. (2011)
Journal Article
Carroll, S., Ingle, L., Hamer, M., & Stamatakis, E. (2013). Benefit of adding lifestyle-related risk factors for prediction of cardiovascular death among cardiac patients. International journal of cardiology, 163(2), 196-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2011.06.001

OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of the addition of lifestyle related variables to the existing Framingham risk score (FRS) for predicting cardiovascular death in patients with pre-existing cardiovascular disease (CVD). DE... Read More

Effects of high and low concentration carbohydrate solution on endurance performance consumed prior to and during intense, intermittent exercise (2011)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Cooke, C., & King, R. (2011). Effects of high and low concentration carbohydrate solution on endurance performance consumed prior to and during intense, intermittent exercise. Medicina Sportiva, 15(2), 62-67

The aim of the study was to compare the effects of high and low concentration carbohydrate (CHO) solutions on the endurance performance of recreational, male soccer players consumed prior to and during intense, intermittent exercise. Methods: Seven p... Read More

Prognostic significance of different measures of the ventilation-carbon dioxide relation in patients with suspected heart failure (2011)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Sloan, R., Carroll, S., Goode, K., Cleland, J. G., & Clark, A. L. (2011). Prognostic significance of different measures of the ventilation-carbon dioxide relation in patients with suspected heart failure. European journal of heart failure, 13(5), 537-542. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurjhf/hfq238

Aims We studied the prognostic significance of the ventilatory equivalent of carbon dioxide production (VEqCO 2 ) at different time-points of a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in patients with suspected heart failure (HF). Methods and re... Read More

Prognostic significance of different measures of the ventilation-carbon dioxide relation in patients with suspected heart failure (2011)
Journal Article
Cleland, J., Carroll, S., Goode, K., Clark, A., & Ingle, L. (2011). Prognostic significance of different measures of the ventilation-carbon dioxide relation in patients with suspected heart failure. European journal of heart failure, 13(5), 537 - 542. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurjhf/hfq238

Aims We studied the prognostic significance of the ventilatory equivalent of carbon dioxide production (VEqCO(2)) at different time-points of a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in patients with suspected heart failure (HF). Methods and re... Read More

Prognostic significance of different measures of the ventilation-carbon dioxide relation in patients with suspected heart failure (2011)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Sloan, R., Carroll, S., Goode, K., Cleland, J. G., & Clark, A. L. (2011). Prognostic significance of different measures of the ventilation-carbon dioxide relation in patients with suspected heart failure. European journal of heart failure, 13(5), 537-542. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurjhf/hfq238

Aims We studied the prognostic significance of the ventilatory equivalent of carbon dioxide production (VEqCO 2 ) at different time-points of a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in patients with suspected heart failure (HF). Methods and... Read More

Experiences of air travel in patients with chronic heart failure (2011)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Hobkirk, J., Damy, T., Nabb, S., Clark, A. L., & Cleland, J. G. (2012). Experiences of air travel in patients with chronic heart failure. International journal of cardiology, 158(1), (66-70). doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2010.12.101. ISSN 0167-5273

AIM: To conduct a survey in a representative cohort of ambulatory patients with stable, well managed chronic heart failure (CHF) to discover their experiences of air travel. METHODS: An expert panel including a cardiologist, an exercise scientist, an... Read More

Impact of a short-term, moderate intensity, lower volume circuit resistance training programme on metabolic risk factors in overweight/obese type 2 diabetics (2010)
Journal Article
Hazley, L., Ingle, L., Tsakirides, C., Carroll, S., & Nagi, D. (2010). Impact of a short-term, moderate intensity, lower volume circuit resistance training programme on metabolic risk factors in overweight/obese type 2 diabetics. Research in Sports Medicine, 18(4), 251-262. https://doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2010.510049

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week, low frequency, hospital-based resistance training programme on metabolic risk factors in type 2 diabetic patients. Participants were self-selected into either an 8-week resistance tr... Read More

Cardiac output does not limit submaximal exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (2010)
Journal Article
Shelton, R. J., Ingle, L., Rigby, A. S., Witte, K. K., Cleland, J. G., & Clark, A. L. (2010). Cardiac output does not limit submaximal exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure. European journal of heart failure, 12(9), 983-989. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurjhf/hfq086

Aims Mechanisms of exercise limitation in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) are incompletely understood. During matched submaximal, fixed-rate exercise, oxygen uptake is similar in patients and healthy controls. However, the importance of ca... Read More

Cardiac output does not limit submaximal exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (2010)
Journal Article
Clark, A. L., Ingle, L., Rigby, A. S., Cleland, J. G., Shelton, R. J., & Witte, K. K. (2010). Cardiac output does not limit submaximal exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure. European journal of heart failure, 12(9), 983-989. doi:10.1093/eurjhf/hfq086

Aims Mechanisms of exercise limitation in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) are incompletely understood. During matched submaximal, fixed-rate exercise, oxygen uptake is similar in patients and healthy controls. However, the importance of car... Read More

Pre-participation cardiac screening in young athletes: models and criteria (2010)
Journal Article
Ingle, L. (2010). Pre-participation cardiac screening in young athletes: models and criteria. British journal of cardiac nursing, 5(9), 426-431. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjca.2010.5.9.78127

This is the second of two review articles focusing on the value of preparticipation cardiac screening in young athletes. The article focuses on the efficacy of the resting 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), physical examination, and medical history que... Read More