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Dr Carlyn Dobson

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Carlyn Dobson

Reader in Economics


Determinants of the informal economy of an emerging economy: a multiple indicator, multiple causes approach (2016)
Journal Article
Igudia, E., Ackrill, R., Coleman, S., & Dobson, C. (2016). Determinants of the informal economy of an emerging economy: a multiple indicator, multiple causes approach. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 28(2/3), 154. https://doi.org/10.1504/ijesb.2016.076643

Positing the implementation of evidenced-based policies to manage the informal economy, our paper employs, in a novel way, the multiple-indicator, multiple-cause model and primary data, to identify the determinants of the Nigerian informal economy. B... Read More

A gravity model of remittance determinants: evidence from Latin America and the Caribbean (2016)
Journal Article
McCracken, S., Ramlogan-Dobson, C., & Stack, M. M. (2017). A gravity model of remittance determinants: evidence from Latin America and the Caribbean. Regional studies, 51(5), 737-749. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2015.1133904

A gravity model of remittance determinants: evidence from Latin America and the Caribbean. Regional Studies. This paper constructs a microeconomic model of the motivation for remittances and uses it to explore the macroeconomic determinants. In addit... Read More

Is there club convergence in Latin America? (2016)
Journal Article
King, A., & Ramlogan-Dobson, C. (2016). Is there club convergence in Latin America?. Empirical economics, 51(3), 1011-1031. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00181-015-1040-x

Previous studies of the income convergence hypothesis for Latin American economies indicate that almost all are not systematically closing their income gap with developed nations. The few studies to consider whether they instead exhibit club converge... Read More

International income convergence: Is Latin America actually different? (2015)
Journal Article
King, A., & Ramlogan-Dobson, C. (2015). International income convergence: Is Latin America actually different?. Economic modelling, 49, 212-222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2015.04.008

When unit-root tests are used to test the income convergence hypothesis for individual OECD economies, their growth paths are usually found to be systematically related to that of the benchmark economy (typically, the US). However, more mixed evidenc... Read More

Is Africa actually developing? (2014)
Journal Article
King, A., & Ramlogan-Dobson, C. (2015). Is Africa actually developing?. World Development, 66, 598-613. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.09.023

The results of previous time-series studies of the income convergence hypothesis indicate that practically no African economies are systematically closing their income gap with the rich world. This implies that almost the entire continent is not ‘dev... Read More

Are income differences within the OECD diminishing? Evidence from Fourier unit root tests (2013)
Journal Article
King, A., & Ramlogan-Dobson, C. (2014). Are income differences within the OECD diminishing? Evidence from Fourier unit root tests. Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics and Econometrics, 18(2), 185–199. https://doi.org/10.1515/snde-2013-0008

We investigate the income convergence hypothesis for 24 OECD countries using Fourier-type unit root tests that can account for structural breaks of unknown number, timing and functional form in a series’ data generating process. Our results indicate... Read More

Why is corruption less harmful to income inequality in Latin America? (2012)
Journal Article
Dobson, S., & Ramlogan-Dobson, C. (2012). Why is corruption less harmful to income inequality in Latin America?. World Development, 40(8), 1534-1545. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2012.04.015

Conventional wisdom says corruption is bad for income inequality. But recent research on Latin America finds a trade-off between corruption and inequality and suggests this is due to the large informal sector in the region. Using data on a large samp... Read More

Is corruption really bad for inequality? Evidence from Latin America (2011)
Journal Article
Andres, A. R., & Ramlogan-Dobson, C. (2011). Is corruption really bad for inequality? Evidence from Latin America. Journal of Development Studies, 47(7), (959-976). doi:10.1080/00220388.2010.509784. ISSN 0022-0388

This article presents new evidence on the relationship between corruption and income inequality. Using a panel data methodology, we find that lower corruption is associated with higher income inequality in Latin America. This result is in contrast to... Read More

Nonlinear time-series convergence: The role of structural breaks (2010)
Journal Article
King, A., & Ramlogan-Dobson, C. (2011). Nonlinear time-series convergence: The role of structural breaks. Economics letters, 110(3), (238-240). doi:10.1016/j.econlet.2010.12.001. ISSN 0165-1765

Chong et al. (2008) found only limited support for the income convergence hypothesis among 15 OECD nations using a nonlinear unit root test. We find considerably greater evidence of convergence by allowing for breaks in the test's time trend. © 2010... Read More

Is there a trade-off between income inequality and corruption? Evidence from Latin America (2009)
Journal Article
Dobson, S., & Ramlogan-Dobson, C. (2010). Is there a trade-off between income inequality and corruption? Evidence from Latin America. Economics letters, 107(2), 102-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econlet.2009.12.038

In contrast to other research, lower corruption is associated with higher income inequality. This result is consistent with the idea that the corruption-inequality relationship may be different where there is a large informal sector, as in Latin Amer... Read More