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Principles underpinning innovative mobile learning: Stakeholders’ priorities

Burden, Kevin; Kearney, Matthew; Schuck, Sandy; Burke, Paul


Matthew Kearney

Sandy Schuck

Paul Burke


This article discusses the results of a survey that measured school teachers’ and mobile learning (m-learning) experts’ perceptions of the relative importance and effectiveness of various pedagogical principles underpinning m-learning designs. A scan of relevant literature produced a set of articles describing effective innovative m-learning. Principles underpinning the learning activities in these articles were identified. These principles were then provided to respondents so that they could identify the most important ones relative to the others for designing effective and innovative m-learning tasks. A rigorous Best/Worst Scaling (BWS) survey was used to collect these data. This is the first time that a BWS has been conducted with regard to mobile pedagogical principles. Findings showed that principles related to authenticity were rated most important relative to other principles by the m-learning experts and principles related to personalisation and customisation were rated most important by practising teachers. Other principles that have been used in innovative m-learning designs, such as gamification and intergenerational learning, were seen as least important by all respondents. The findings will inform design of professional development activities, in particular, those pertaining to an app being developed in an Erasmus + project, Developing and Evaluating Innovative Mobile Pedagogies (DEIMP).


Burden, K., Kearney, M., Schuck, S., & Burke, P. (2019). Principles underpinning innovative mobile learning: Stakeholders’ priorities. TechTrends,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 16, 2019
Online Publication Date Aug 8, 2019
Publication Date Aug 12, 2019
Deposit Date Oct 9, 2019
Publicly Available Date Aug 9, 2020
Journal TechTrends
Print ISSN 8756-3894
Electronic ISSN 1559-7075
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords Education; Computer Science Applications;; Effective mobile learning; Pedagogical principles; Best/worse scaling; Innovative mobile practice; Teacher beliefs; M-learning activities; Mobile technologies; School-aged learners; Practitioner teachers, Delphi
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Additional Information First Online: 8 August 2019; : ; : The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.; : Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.; : All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the University of Hull (approval no. No. 20162017009) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.