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A Multidisciplinary Approach for an Effective and Rational Energy Transition in Crete Island, Greece

Katsaprakakis, Dimitris; Michopoulos, Apostolos; Skoulou, Vasiliki; Dakanali, Irini; Maragkaki, Aggeliki; Pappa, Stavroula; Antonakakis, Ioannis; Christakis, Dimitris; Contaxakis, Constantinos


Dimitris Katsaprakakis

Apostolos Michopoulos

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Dr Vicky Skoulou
Graduate Research Director (GRD) of School of Engineering ; Senior Lecturer (Assoc. Prof.) in Chemical Engineering-Bioenergy ; PI of the B3: Biomass Waste- BioenergH2- Biochars Challenge Group of PGRs and PDRAs

Irini Dakanali

Aggeliki Maragkaki

Stavroula Pappa

Ioannis Antonakakis

Dimitris Christakis

Constantinos Contaxakis


This article proposes a mixture of actions for the development of an effective and rational energy transition plan for all sectors and for all types of onshore final energy use in Crete. Energy transition is initiated with an appropriate capacity building campaign. The plan is based on the introduction of energy saving measures and the exploitation of all the locally available energy resources (wind, solar, geothermal potential, biomass), integrated in a cluster of centralized and decentralized power plants and smart grids to produce electricity and heat and for the transition to e-mobility. The core of the energy transition in Crete will be a set of 14 wind parks and Pumped Hydro Storage systems (PHS) for electricity generation and 12 Combined Heat and Power plants, properly designed and dispersed in the insular territory. Economic analysis is executed for the proposed essential power plants on the island. Biomass, solar and geothermal potential can cover the heating demand in Crete several times. Heat can be produced with a specific cost of 0.05 EUR/kWhth from cogeneration plants fired with solid biomass and biogas. The wind parks-PHS systems exhibit payback periods of approximately 10 years with a final electricity selling price at 0.12 EUR/kWhel. The article shows that 100% energy transition in Crete constitutes a feasible target.


Katsaprakakis, D., Michopoulos, A., Skoulou, V., Dakanali, I., Maragkaki, A., Pappa, S., …Contaxakis, C. (2022). A Multidisciplinary Approach for an Effective and Rational Energy Transition in Crete Island, Greece. Energies, 15(9), Article 3010.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 14, 2022
Online Publication Date Apr 20, 2022
Publication Date May 1, 2022
Deposit Date Apr 21, 2022
Publicly Available Date Apr 22, 2022
Journal Energies
Electronic ISSN 1996-1073
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 15
Issue 9
Article Number 3010
Keywords Crete energy transition; Hybrid power plants; Pumped hydro storage systems; Combined heat and power cogeneration systems; Insular power systems; Rational use of energy
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