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Long-term repetition priming and semantic interference in a lexical-semantic matching task: object names and colors

Lloyd-Jones, Toby J.; Nakabayashi, Kazuyo

Authors

Toby J. Lloyd-Jones



Abstract

Using a novel paradigm to engage the long-term mappings between object names and the prototypical colors for objects, we investigated the retrieval of object-color knowledge as indexed by long-term priming (the benefit in performance from a prior encounter with the same or a similar stimulus); a process about which little is known. We examined priming from object naming on a lexical-semantic matching task. In the matching task participants encountered a visually presented object name (Experiment 1) or object shape (Experiment 2) paired with either a color patch or color name. The pairings could either match whereby both were consistent with a familiar object (e.g., strawberry and red) or mismatch (strawberry and blue). We used the matching task to probe knowledge about familiar objects and their colors pre-activated during object naming. In particular, we examined whether the retrieval of object-color information was modality-specific and whether this influenced priming. Priming varied with the nature of the retrieval process: object-color priming arose for object names but not object shapes and beneficial effects of priming were observed for color patches whereas inhibitory priming arose with color names. These findings have implications for understanding how object knowledge is retrieved from memory and modified by learning. © 2014 Lloyd-Jones and Nakabayashi.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date May 24, 2014
Journal Frontiers in psychology
Print ISSN 1664-1078
Electronic ISSN 1664-1078
Publisher Frontiers Media
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 5
Issue JUN
Article Number ARTN 644
Institution Citation Lloyd-Jones, T. J., & Nakabayashi, K. (2014). Long-term repetition priming and semantic interference in a lexical-semantic matching task: object names and colors. Frontiers in psychology Frontiers Research Foundation, 5(JUN), https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00644
DOI https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00644
Keywords Colour; Object; Name; Shape; Memory; Repetition priming; Modality-specific; Semantic interference
Publisher URL http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00644/abstract
Copyright Statement © 2014 Lloyd-Jones and Nakabayashi. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Additional Information This document is protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. it is reproduced with permission.

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Copyright Statement
© 2014 Lloyd-Jones and Nakabayashi. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.





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