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Organisational Stressors, Coping, and Coping Effectiveness: A Longitudinal Study with an Elite Coach

Levy, Andrew; Nicholls, Adam; Marchant, David; Polman, Remco


Andrew Levy

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Professor Adam Nicholls
Professor of Psychology/ Leader of the Sport Psychology and Coaching Group

David Marchant

Remco Polman


The purpose of this study was to examine organisational stressors, coping, and perceptions of coping effectiveness with an elite coach. The participant completed a daily diary over a 28-day period. Each diary entry consisted of an open-ended stressor, a coping response section, and a Likert-type scale measure of coping effectiveness. Inductive and deductive content analysis procedures were used to analyse the diaries, in addition to frequency data which were obtained for both stressors and coping strategies. Findings indicated administration, overload, competition environment, the athletes, and team atmosphere were the salient organisational stressors. Coping strategies used to alleviate such stressors were communication, preparation, planning, social support, and self-talk. These strategies were generally effective, but coping effectiveness declined over the 28-days.


Levy, A., Nicholls, A., Marchant, D., & Polman, R. (2009). Organisational Stressors, Coping, and Coping Effectiveness: A Longitudinal Study with an Elite Coach. International journal of sports science & coaching, 4(1), 31-45.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 31, 2009
Publication Date Dec 31, 2009
Print ISSN 1747-9541
Electronic ISSN 2048-397X
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 4
Issue 1
Pages 31-45
Keywords Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
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Copyright Statement
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License ( which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (

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