Hegemonic and counter-hegemonic interaction as a challenge to regional organizational actorness and coherent collective security cooperation: a case of Nigeria, France and ECOWAS
Dr Justin Morris J.C.Morris@hull.ac.uk
This thesis examines the challenges facing the Economic Community of West African States, ECOWAS, in manifesting actorness and in coordinating and owning West African sub-regional collective security. These issues are considered via a theoretical examination of the concepts of hegemony and counter-hegemony and an empirical assessment of their application to the West African context. The main hypothetical claim that the thesis seeks to test is that the hegemonic and counter-hegemonic interaction of Nigeria and France has undermined ECOWAS’ ability to coordinate and own sub- regional collective security.
In order to undertake this analysis, the thesis takes existing theoretical frameworks of hegemony/counter-hegemony and actorness and refines and applies these to the West African context. Specifically, its framework of hegemony/counter-hegemony is tested against Nigeria and France, the two leading state actors in West African security governance, whilst the actorness framework is tested against ECOWAS. Using a grounded theory and case study approach, the thesis draws on data collected using semi- structured in-depth interviews, documentary analysis, and secondary literature. The main argument is that ECOWAS has demonstrated growing actorness in and ownership of sub- regional collective security, but that in both of these regards it is hindered by the interaction of Nigeria’s sub-regional hegemony and France’s extra-regional counter- hegemony. With particular focus on institutional penetration as a hegemonic/counter- hegemonic criterion, the thesis further argues that Nigeria’s sub-regional hegemonic influence emanates from the ECOWAS, through Abuja’s smart power approach to sub- regional collective security. On the other hand, France’s counter-hegemonic influence in African security governance emanates mainly from the UN, which limits its recognition in the sub-region, hence, its ascription as an extra-regional counter-hegemon. The thesis finds that whilst Nigeria’s hegemony enhances ECOWAS actorness and ownership of sub-regional collective security, France’s counter-hegemony remains largely state-centric and has thus undermined ECOWAS’ collective security actorness and ownership. The thesis concludes that its main hypothetical claim is proven on the basis that France’s state- centric approach has not been compatible with ECOWAS’ collective security agenda which seeks international cooperation under the leadership of ECOWAS.
Akolga, A. (2020). Hegemonic and counter-hegemonic interaction as a challenge to regional organizational actorness and coherent collective security cooperation: a case of Nigeria, France and ECOWAS. (Thesis). University of Hull. Retrieved from https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/4223024
|Publication Date||Sep 1, 2020|
|Deposit Date||Mar 26, 2021|
|Publicly Available Date||Feb 23, 2023|
|Additional Information||Department of Politics, The University of Hull|
© 2020 Akolga, Amobire. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permission of the copyright holder.
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