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Dialkylcarbamoyl Chloride Dressings in the Prevention of Surgical Site Infections after Nonimplant Vascular Surgery

Carradice, Daniel; Chetter, Ian C.; Totty, Joshua P.; Wallace, Tom; Bua, Nelson; Pan, Daniel; Smith, George E.

Authors

Daniel Carradice

Ian C. Chetter

Joshua P. Totty

Tom Wallace

Nelson Bua

Daniel Pan

George E. Smith

Abstract

© 2017 Elsevier Inc. Background Dressings coated with dialkylcarbamoyl chloride (DACC) are highly hydrophobic and irreversibly bind multiple types of bacteria, trapping them in the dressing and reducing the number of organisms at the wound surface. We aimed to assess the impact of DACC-coated postoperative dressings on the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) in nonimplant vascular surgery patients. Methods Two hundred patients undergoing nonimplant vascular surgery were prospectively recruited at a single vascular center. The initial 100 patients had their operative wounds dressed with conventional dressings followed by 100 patients who received DACC-coated postoperative dressings. Wounds were reviewed at day 5 and day 30 to determine the presence of SSI using the ASEPSIS scoring system. The variation in outcomes between groups was assessed using chi-squared test and logistic regression analysis to assess the effects of other variables, which may affect healing. Results Between August 1, 2015 and February 29, 2016, a total of 120 men and 80 women were recruited. The mean age was 63 (range 27–97) years, 92% were current or ex-smokers and 45.5% were diabetic. Rate of SSI at 5 days was significantly lower in the DACC group compared with standard dressings (1% vs. 10%, P < 0.05). There was no difference in the rates of SSI at 30 days. Logistic regression suggested that the type of dressing used was the most prominent predictor variable for the presence of early SSI (P = 0.028, odds ratio = 0.09, 95% confidence interval: 0.01–0.77). Conclusions DACC-coated dressings were associated with a significant reduction in SSI rates in the early postoperative period.

Publication Date 2017-10
Journal Annals of vascular surgery
Print ISSN 0890-5096
Electronic ISSN 1615-5947
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 44
Pages 387-392
Institution Citation Carradice, D., Chetter, I. C., Totty, J. P., Wallace, T., Bua, N., Pan, D., & Smith, G. E. (2017). Dialkylcarbamoyl Chloride Dressings in the Prevention of Surgical Site Infections after Nonimplant Vascular Surgery. Annals of vascular surgery, 44, 387-392. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2017.03.198
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2017.03.198
Keywords Surgery; Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine; General Medicine
Publisher URL http://www.annalsofvascularsurgery.com/article/S0890-5096%2816%2930994-3/abstract
Copyright Statement © 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Dialkylcarbamoyl Chloride Dressings in the Prevention of Surgical Site Infections after Nonimplant Vascular Surgery; Journal Title: Annals of Vascular Surgery; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2017.03.198; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Copyright Statement
© 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/




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